Ferid Murad


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Murad, Ferid,

1936–, American pharmacologist, b. Whiting, Ind., M.D., Ph.D. Western Reserve Univ. (now Case Western Reserve Univ.), 1965. Murad taught at the Univ. of Virginia (1975–81), Stanford Univ. (1981–89), and Northwestern Univ. (1988) and worked in the private sector for Abbott Laboratories (1988–92) and Molecular Geriatrics Corporation (1993–95). In 1997 he became a professor at the Univ. of Texas, Houston. In 1998, he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Louis J. IgnarroIgnarro, Louis Joseph,
1941–. American pharmacologist, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., Ph.D. Univ. of Minnesota, 1966. He was on the faculty at Tulane Univ. from 1979 to 1985, when he became a professor at the UCLA School of Medicine.
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 and Robert F. FurchgottFurchgott, Robert Francis,
1916–2009, American biochemist, b. Charleston, S.C., Ph.D. Northwestern Univ., 1940. Furchgott spent his entire career as a professor (1956–89) at the State Univ. of New York. With Louis J.
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 for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide's function as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system. Murad analyzed the action of nitroglycerin and other vasodilators and discovered that they relax smooth muscle cells through the release of nitric oxide. The finding has had significant medical implications in the treatment of not only cardiovascular disease but also impotence, septic shock, and cancer; the work led to the development of the anti-impotence sildenafil citrate (Viagra).
References in periodicals archive ?
Ferid Murad, two major international conferences being held in Boston from July 22 to 25.
Under the surveillance of 14 Nobel laureates namely Werner ARBER, Gunter BLOBEL, Christian DE DUV, Leo ESAKI, Pierre-Gilles de GENNES, Ivar GIAEVER, Robert HUBER, Harold KROTO, Jean-Marie LEHN, Hartmut MICHEL, Ferid MURAD, Ilya PRIGOGINE, Jens C.
Ferid Murad also spoke at the conference's official opening, saying the range of session topics over the four-day conference, as well as the inaugural two-day Biotechnology World Congress, would offer many thought-provoking discussion points and stimulating opportunities for more than 750 conference delegates.
Nitric oxide was selected as the 1992 Molecule of the Year by the journal Science, and the 1998 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology was awarded to Louis Ignarro, Ferid Murad, and Robert Furchgott, the founders of nitric oxide research.
Aside from the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine he received in 1998, Furchgott has also got a Gairdner Foundation International Award for his groundbreaking discoveries (1991) and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1996), the latter with Ferid Murad.
Molecular biologist Ferid Murad of the University of Texas at Houston says the finding will spark "lots of ideas" for the treatment of colon cancer.
Lewis, California Institute of Technology, 1995-Physiology or Medicine; William Lipscomb, Harvard University, 1976-Chemistry; Ferid Murad, University of Texas at Houston, 1998-Physiology or Medicine; Marshall Nirenberg, National Institutes of Health, 1968-Physiology or Medicine; Sir Paul Nurse, Cancer Research UK, 2001-Physiology or Medicine; Burton Richter, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 1976-Physics; Richard J.
Furchgott and Ferid Murad, opened the floodgates for discoveries about nitric oxide's vast functions in the cardiovascular and nervous systems, including fighting infection, regulating blood pressure and governing the flow of blood to the organs.
Robert Furchgott, Ferid Murad and Louis Ignarro were awarded the pounds 600,000 prize jointly for their discoveries about the role of nitric oxide, long considered just an air pollutant, as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system.
As per the reports, Ferid Murad, the Nobel Prize winner for physiology and medicine in 1998 and inventor of the drug Viagra, which is used to treat erectile dysfunction, visited Xiamen University.
Ferid Murad will review the top scientific challenges in cardiac care.
In 1998, Dr Louis Ignarro and his colleagues Ferid Murad and Robert Furchgott discovered that NO can be produced by the human body, a discovery that brought them the Nobel Prize C for Medicine.