Ferri, Enrico

Ferri, Enrico

(ānrē`kō fĕr`rē), 1856–1929, Italian criminologist. He continued the scientific study of crime begun by Cesare LombrosoLombroso, Cesare
, 1835–1909, Italian criminologist and physician. In 1876 he published a pamphlet setting forth his theory of the origin of criminal traits. In the study, later enlarged into the famous L'uomo delinquente (5th ed., 3 vol., 1896–97; partial tr.
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, emphasizing social and economic factors. He argued against penal systems that stressed only punitive action, recommending crime prevention instead. Argentina's penal code of 1921 was based on his ideas, but the Italian code that Ferri later drew up was rejected by the Fascist regime. He edited Avanti, a Socialist daily, for many years. Of his several books the best known is Criminal Sociology (1884, tr. 1917, repr. 1967).

Ferri, Enrico

 

Born Feb. 25, 1856, in San Benedetto Po; died Apr. 12, 1929, in Rome. Italian criminologist.

Ferri graduated from the University of Bologna in 1877. Beginning in 1884, he was a professor of criminal law at the universities of Bologna, Sienna, Pisa, and Rome. A follower of C. Lombroso, he further developed the ideas of the anthropological school of criminal law. In his works Criminal Sociology (1883) and A Study of Criminality (1901), Ferri rejected the concepts of fault, responsibility, amenability, corpus delicti, and punishment and proposed that they be replaced with such concepts as dangerous personality. In 1919, Ferri headed a commission to draft a criminal code, many provisions of which were later incorporated into the Fascist Italian criminal code of 1930.

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