Fezzan


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Fezzan:

see FazzanFazzan
or Fezzan
, historic region, SW Libya. Marzuq, Sabhha, Brak, and Zawilah, all situated in oases in the Sahara Desert, are the chief settlements. The population is largely Arab, with Berber and black African influence.
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, historic region, Libya.

Fezzan

 

a historic region in Libya. According to Herodotus, the Garamantes, Ummidians, and other ancient tribes lived in the Fezzan. The distant location of the tribes from the sea enabled them to repulse incursions by the Romans, Vandals, and other invaders. With the influx of the Arabs in the seventh century, Islam spread throughout the Fezzan. Although the various parts of the region were incorporated into several medieval Arab states, to a certain extent the Fezzan enjoyed de facto autonomy. After the Ottoman Empire seized the coastal regions of Libya in 1551, the population of the Fezzan continued to resist the Turks for more than 30 years. A major anti-Turkish uprising took place in the area between 1838 and 1842. In the second half of the 19th century, the Sanussis exercised great influence there. During and after the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–12, the population of the Fezzan offered stubborn resistance to Italian troops, and Italy did not succeed in taking possession of the area until 1930. The region was occupied by French troops from 1943 until their withdrawal in 1956.

From late 1951 to 1963 the Fezzan was one of the three provinces of independent Libya, the other two being Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. With the introduction of the new administrative division of Libya in 1963, the Fezzan was abolished as an independent administrative unit and was divided into the muhafazat (governorates) Ubari and Sebha.

Fezzan

a region of SW Libya, in the Sahara: a former province (until 1963)
References in periodicals archive ?
An economically developed Fezzan would play a major role in the development of the Sahel and ultimately in pacifying it.
75 percent stake in the output of Libya's Fezzan field, the North African country's largest field.
Extrapolating from the geographical breakdown of the most recent census (2006) and a current population of approximately 6 million people, Tripolitania has been allocated one committee representative for every 190,900 inhabitants, Cyrenaica one for every 85,500, and Fezzan one for every 23,431.
All Libyans are part and parcel of the Muslim world even if the Cyrenaica National Council declared its autonomy last June and Southern Fezzan tribal residents shared African traits.
Lawmakers said that the 60 members of the constitutional committee, to be divided equally between country's three regions: Tripolitania in the west, Cyrenaica in the east and Fezzan in the south, will be elected by popular vote, and will have 120 days to draft the charter.
We can observe the perception of foreignness and the world passed down through language from the Ottoman state to the contemporary Turkish language, taking into account the influence of certain factors, such as a nation's geographical relationship with Turkey (Baghdad, Fezzan, Damietta, Salonika, Damascus, etc.
The eastern state of Cyrenaica was joined by Fezzan in the Southwest and Tripolitania in the Northwest.
Libya was a federal union under the Western-backed rule of King Idris I from 1951 to 1963, which divided the country into three states -- Cyrenaica in the east, Tripolitania in the west and the Fezzan in the south.
Libya was a federal union from 1951 to 1963 under the late King Idris I, which divided the country into three states - Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan.
Others show the country's later divisions into Cyrenaica , Tripolitania and Fezzan , and the Kingdom of Libya .
The fourth scenario is partition, with the old three-province, Ottoman-style setup commonly mentioned: Cyrenaica (east), Fezzan (south), and Tripolitania (west).