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Fichtelgebirge(fĭkh`təlgəbĭr'gə), mountain knot, in SE Germany, between Bayreuth and the Czech border; rises to 3,447 ft (1,051 m) in Schneeberg peak. The rugged mountains are composed mainly of metamorphic rock. The Erzgebirge, Bohemian Forest, Thuringian Forest, and Franconian Jura radiate from them, and the Saale and Main rivers originate there. The Fichtelgebirge have dense pine forests and are dotted with resorts. The mountains were once rich in a variety of minerals, but now only lignite and iron are found in large quantities. Selb, the chief town of the region, is a major center for porcelain production. Other major industries include cotton textiles, forestry, granite quarrying, and tourism.
a mountain massif in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Fichtelgebirge extend for more than 50 km and form the western tip of the Bohemian Massif. They are composed primarily of schists, which form a plateau at an elevation of approximately 600 m; above this plateau rise rocky granite and gneiss peaks, which rise to an elevation of 1,053 m, at the Schneeberg. Rock streams are found along the slopes. The massif is covered by fir forests and meadows. The population is engaged in cattle raising and the cultivation of rye and potatoes. The Fichtelgebirge are a center for tourism and winter sports.