strangler fig

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strangler fig,

common name for a number of tropical plant species, most of them are in the family Moraceae (figfig,
name for members of the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae (mulberry family). This large genus contains some 800 species of widely varied tropical vines (some of which are epiphytic); shrubs; and trees, including the banyan, the peepul, or bo tree, and the
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 family). They include the golden fig, Ficus aurea, of the SE United States. The name strangler fig is used for a number of tropical vines that grow on other plants, often growing over other trees, strangling them, and eventually becoming trees themselves.