Fidai

Fida’i

 

(Arabic and Persian, literally, “one who sacrifices himself in the name of a faith or an idea”). (1) In medieval Iran, Syria, and Lebanon, a member of a secret organization of assassins.

(2) During the Iranian Revolution of 1905–11, a member of armed voluntary detachments made up of the urban poor, the petite bourgeoisie, peasants, and workers, which constituted the major revolutionary force. These detachments played a vital role in the Tabriz Uprising of 1908–09.

(3) A member of the the defensive detachments that were formed during the national democratic movement in Iranian Azerbaijan in 1945 and 1946.

(4) A fighter in the urban detachments of the Algerian patriotic underground during the national liberation war of 1954–62.

(5) A member of the armed guerrilla detachments of the Palestine resistance movement, sometimes referred to erroneously as a fedayee.

References in periodicals archive ?
Khitab, now head of an Islamic group called Fidai Mahaz, added: "When Amir ul-Momineen was reciting his will, Mansoor told him, 'You can't name anyone else chief as I'm running the movement.
Khitab, now head of an Islamic group called Fidai Mahaz, went on: "When Amir ul-Momineen was reciting his will, Mansoor told him, 'You can't name anyone else chief as I'm running the movement.
Mullah Omar's death was first confirmed by a splinter group of the Taliban -- Afghanistan Islamic Movement Fidai Mahaz, which claimed that he was assassinated by Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Mansour and Gull Agha.
Le film documentaire [beaucoup moins que] Fidai [beaucoup plus grand que], du realisateur algerien Damien Ounouri a ete projete, en avant premiere, hier a l'universite Sorbonne Nouvelle, a l'initiative de l'association [beaucoup moins que] Le Maghreb des films [beaucoup plus grand que].
Former governor and the Fikar wa Amal Jirga spokesman, Mohammad Halim Fidai, told Pajhwok Afghan News the jirga had been in talks with potential presidential candidates on fielding a single runner over the past eight months.
It was our Fidai (suicide) attack," the organization's spokesman, Abu Bakr, said in a telephone call to a local journalist in Quetta.
A compelling documentary from the Arab Fidai world, charts the life of El Hadi, one of the unnamed fighters whose selfless acts threw off more than a century of oppressive colonial rule in Algeria.
These include: When I Saw You by AnneMarie Jacir; 74 by Rania and Raed Rafei; Fidai by Damien Ounouri; and It was Better Tomorrow by Hind Boujemaa among others.
KABUL, August 12, 2010 (Frontier Star): The NATO commander in Afghanistan General David Petraeus and several Afghan authorities called on the Wardag Governor Muhammad Halim Fidai during their visit to the Maidan Haar, capital of Wardag province, on Monday.
10 -- Imagine if al Qaeda and the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) train a team of suicide bombers in FATA and send them to the US and all the European capitals to carry out a series of suicide bombings and 26/11-style fidai attacks?
ISTANBUL, Apr 13, 2010 (TUR) -- Governor of Afghan province Vardak, Halim Fidai, said Tuesday Turkish projects in the province were worth 37 million USD since 2006.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION: Business Development inquiries: Shafique Fidai, Ph.