Fijian


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Fijian

1. a member of the indigenous people of mixed Melanesian and Polynesian descent inhabiting Fiji
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian family

Fijian

 

the language of the Fijians, the indigenous population of the Fiji Islands, spoken by approximately 225,000 people (1974, estimate). Fijian is a Malayo-Polynesian (Austronesian) language and belongs to the same branch as the Polynesian languages, Rotuman, Efatese, Kerebuto, and a number of other languages; the American scholar I. Dyen refers to these languages as the Geonesian branch.

The consonant system of Fijian shows an opposition between voiceless and prenasalized voiced obstruents. Vowels, which always end a syllable, are distinguished as long or short. The grammatical structure is primarily analytic—only verb forms, such as the causative and passive, and possessive forms of nouns are formed synthetically. Personal pronouns are classified as singular, dual, trial, or plural in number and as inclusive or exclusive in the first person, except in the singular. Written Fijian uses the Latin alphabet.

REFERENCES

Capell, A. A New Fijian Dictionary. Sydney, 1941.
Churchward, C. M. A New Fijian Grammar. [Sydney] 1941.
Grace, G. W. The Position of the Polynesian Languages Within the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) Language Family. Baltimore, 1959.
Dyen, I. A Lexicostatistical Classification of the Austronesian Languages. Baltimore, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Chung Kyu Park, World Meteorological Organisation's Director Regional Office for Asia and the South-West Pacific said the WMO would continue to work with the Fijian Government to strengthen the capacity of staff at the RSMC Nadi.
Thirteen Fijian peacekeepers, including five soldiers and eight police officers are in South Sudan.
3) The shop consists of a mixture of formal and informal elements that conspire to set it apart from the traditional Fijian sphere epitomized by the village.
Wakaya Perfection's uniquely organic Pink Fijian ginger, indigenous to the certified organic island of Wakaya, is hand-cultivated in virgin volcanic soil solely for its purity and multifaceted rejuvenating properties that naturally reduce inflammation and may improve several common health conditions.
The Fijian prime minister also used the opportunity to support the efforts to rejuvenate Fiji's relations and bring Fiji closer to work with its diaspora communities in Canada.
They were hoping to come and do some traditional Fijian arts and crafts at the Tourism Fiji stall and to teach people about traditional Fijian life.
He's a proud Fijian and will be a real threat at this World Cup, not just against England, but against all the teams who Fiji face.
Fijian Methodists' contemporary understandings of the vanua must be seen in the context of the nation's four coups since 1987.
Which is why I love this set, featuring pink Fijian ginger three luxurious ways: as a powdered tea, a body scrub, and a bath soak," said Oprah Winfrey in Oprah's Favorite Things 2014, featured in the December 2014 issue of O, The Oprah Magazine.
The peacekeepers, all Fijian nationals, were taken hostage two weeks ago when the Al-Qaeda-linked Al-Nusra fighters stormed a Golan Heights crossing.
Islamist fighters who seized dozens of Fijian soldiers serving as UN peacekeepers on the Golan Heights last week are demanding that their group be removed from a global terrorism list and that compensation be paid for members killed in fighting, the head of Fiji's army said on Tuesday.