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the indigenous population of the Fiji Islands. In language, culture, and anthropological type, the Fijians occupy an intermediate position between the Melanesians and the Polynesians. They number 225,000 (1974, estimate).

By the beginning of European colonization in the first half of the 19th century, the Fijians had developed an early class society divided into an aristocracy, free members of a peasant commune, dependent laborers, and slaves. In 1874 the archipelago became a British colony. Although the Fijians have converted to Christianity, chiefly to Methodism, they still preserve vestiges of traditional beliefs and way of life. The principal occupations are the raising of taro, yam, manioc, coconut palms, and bananas and fishing. Most Fijians carry on a seminatural economy. Some work in transport, construction, and mining, and a small intelligentsia has emerged. The Fijians and other inhabitants of the islands fought against colonial oppression. In 1970, Fiji became an independent state.


Narody Avstraliii Okeanii. Moscow, 1956. (Contains bibliography.)
Puchkov, P. I. Formirovanie naseleniia Melanezii. Moscow, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The capital city was full of Australian and Fijian fans and despite the grey skies the streets were a brilliant sea of blue and yellow as supporters awaited the high-pressure clash in the Fanzone.
com that the Fijian peacekeepers are safe and the government keeps getting daily situational reports from them.
The first three coups--two in 1987 led by Sitiveni Rabuka, one in 2000 led by George Speight--gained popular support from many indigenous Fijians because of leaders' public appeals to defend the vanua against supposed foreign threats.
The UN peacekeeping force in the area, known as UNDOF, includes 1,223 troops from India, Ireland, Nepal and the Netherlands as well as the Fijians and Filipinos who came under attack last week.
Please note that a valid Fijian passport will be required in order to register as an overseas voter.
Although born a Fijian, I have served in two foreign services, Fiji and Australia, which is most unusual.
29 (Xinhua-ANI): The portrait of British Queen Elizabeth II on all Fijian banknotes and coins will be replaced in 2013 with local flora and fauna signifying in many ways an end of an era, Fiji's central bank said Thursday.
8220;After two years of working diligently with the Fijian government under the stewardship of Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama, and Native American tribes, we're delighted to be part of this thrilling opportunity to introduce casino gaming and state of the art convention center to the Fiji Islands to help create jobs and expand tourism for the country,” said Larry Claunch, Founder and Chairman of the Board of One Hundred Sands, Ltd.
Similarly, a number of indigenous Fijians have moved into urban areas, especially Suva, in search of a better life.
Covenant Brothers, a Fijian side, making their debut in what claims to be Wales' oldest-surviving Sevens, beat Llanrumney 24-10 in the Plate final.
While he will be the key to US team's chances of making their mark in the Emirates Dubai Rugby Sevens, the Fijian in him dreams of emulating the great Waisele Serevi.