Fijians


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Fijians

 

the indigenous population of the Fiji Islands. In language, culture, and anthropological type, the Fijians occupy an intermediate position between the Melanesians and the Polynesians. They number 225,000 (1974, estimate).

By the beginning of European colonization in the first half of the 19th century, the Fijians had developed an early class society divided into an aristocracy, free members of a peasant commune, dependent laborers, and slaves. In 1874 the archipelago became a British colony. Although the Fijians have converted to Christianity, chiefly to Methodism, they still preserve vestiges of traditional beliefs and way of life. The principal occupations are the raising of taro, yam, manioc, coconut palms, and bananas and fishing. Most Fijians carry on a seminatural economy. Some work in transport, construction, and mining, and a small intelligentsia has emerged. The Fijians and other inhabitants of the islands fought against colonial oppression. In 1970, Fiji became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstraliii Okeanii. Moscow, 1956. (Contains bibliography.)
Puchkov, P. I. Formirovanie naseleniia Melanezii. Moscow, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Possibly, for some Fijians, the presence of Chinese communists in Malaya could be compared to the presence of Indians in Fiji: unwelcome visitors who had to be chased out.
Rugby was first played there in 1884 by European and Fijian soldiers and Fiji remains the only country to have completed an unbeaten tour of New Zealand, in 1939.
In 2002, Pierson moved his family to the small Fijian island of Taveuni for a year, during which he showed movies in the world's most remote theater for free.
Fijians violate cultural norms if they take their personal concerns beyond the boundaries of their families and social groups; therefore, professional counselors may be viewed as superfluous and threatening to cultural traditions.
THE Black Watch soldier killed by a roadside bomb was last night named as Fijian Pita Tukatukawaqa.
His consensus approach, together with high level Fijian government support, guaranteed involvement of all affected parties and ensured the project's success.
It was only in the 1990s--when sailors and soldiers from New Zealand began demanding compensation for their exposure--that the Fijians realized the danger they were in.
The Fijians repaired some of the damage immediately with an equally simple Narruhn penalty and reduced the gap to a single point with another Narruhn strike when Bruce Douglas was guilty of slipping his binding.
Dismissing the rhetoric of indigenous pre-eminence, Sutherland and Robertson challenge the notion that all indigenous Fijians have common interests:
Speight, a failed businessman, and his armed nationalists stormed parliament in May 2000 claiming ethnic Indians were undermining the rights of indigenous Fijians.
From the re-start the Fijians quickly put on pressure but Sharman broke a tackle on his 22 and hammered his way up-field for another try.
After the 1987 coups, the military-backed interim administration moved to assert Fijian political paramountcy, introducing constitutional changes in 1990 to preserve elite Fijian dominance with the stated objective of 'affirmative action' for Fijians in the electoral system, education, land ownership and appointment of government officials.