Fili


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Fili

 

a village near Moscow (now the Kiev Raion of Moscow), where on Sept. 1 (13), 1812, during the Patriotic War, M. I. Kutuzov convened a council of war to decide whether to defend or abandon Moscow. The council was attended by the generals M. B. Barclay de Tolly, L. L. Bennigsen, D. S. Dokhturov, A. P. Ermolov, P. P. Konovnitsyn, A. I. Osterman-Tolstoi, N. N. Raevskii, K. F. Tof, and F. S. Uvarov. After listening to the various opinions, Kutuzov, aware that the army had been weakened at the battle of Borodino (1812) and that the position taken up by Bennigsen near Moscow had proved unfavorable, decided to withdraw from the city without giving battle. In his words, “the loss of Moscow does not mean the loss of Russia.” The withdrawal would enable the army to continue the war and to link up with approaching reserves. The hut of the peasant A. Frolov, in which the council was held, burned down in 1868 but was restored in 1887 and in 1962 became a branch of the Battle of Borodino Panorama and Museum.

Fili is also the site of an outstanding example of Russian architecture—the Pokrov Church (Church of the Intercession of the Virgin), built between 1690 and 1693 in the Naryshkin style. The circular church, of the type known as izhe pod kolokoly (“crowned by a belfry”), rests on an elevated terrace-like substructure with arcades and three staircases. Over the tetragonal base rise two tiers of octagonal prisms, diminishing in size, which terminate in an octagonal drum supporting a cupola. The base is surrounded by semicircular appurtenances, one of which serves as a sanctuary and the others serve as narthexes. The well-proportioned composition and magnificent white stone decoration add to the solemnity and splendor of the building.

References in periodicals archive ?
Potential licensees in the consumer electronics accessories industry are currently being targeted as candidates to eventually commercialize the Fili on a worldwide basis.
Fili has more than 25 years of experience in the nuclear industry, and served as Technical Services engineering manager at the Perry Plant.
Fili missed an opportunity to reduce the deficit, but made amends with a second penalty when hooker Huw Bennett was penalised.
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Meanwhile, tensions between Fili and Luis -- former resents the latter for marrying his one-time fiancee, Soledad -- build toward an angry parting.
La decision en favor de Raul provoco una tormenta que dividio a los aficionados en ratonistas y navistas, desperto polemicas en los periodicos y atrajo la atencion de ancianas, amas de casa, jovencitas que nunca se habian interesado por el boxeo, pero que esperaron con ansias el dia de la revancha para ver por la television al ratoncito, en la plaza de El Toreo, vapulear a Fili para ganarle, esta vez sin lugar a dudas y convertirse en idolo indiscutido.
ARTEM LOBOV turned down the opportunity to face Andre Fili earlier this year so he could dedicate himself to preparing teammate Conor McGregor for a bout with Floyd Mayweather and he believes that could pay dividends tonight in Poland.
Contract award notice: Gara a procedura aperta per la fornitura di fili di sutura naturali e sintetici, montati e non montati su ago occorrenti al fabbisogno dell~Azienda Policlinico Umberto I.
USC defensive tackle Fili Moala was arrested last weekend in Newport Beach for obstructing and delaying an officer after police responded to a fight at a bar, according to a police official.
Lead singer Fili held the line well, while the wingers (keyboardist) Greg Barnes and (guitarist) James McColl, did their best to whip in killer riffs.
Simi Fili, a 6-foot-4, 315-pound defensive tackle from Salt Lake City who is considered one of the top defensive line recruits in the country, announced Saturday that he plans to sign a letter of intent with Oregon in February.