Fine Gael


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Related to Fine Gael: Fianna Fail

Fine Gael

(fē`nə gāl), Irish political party. Formed in 1933, it was the successor of the party founded by William CosgraveCosgrave, William Thomas
, 1880–1965, Irish statesman; father of Liam Cosgrave. A member of Sinn Féin, he fought in the Easter Rebellion (1916) and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
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 that held power from the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922 until ousted by the republican Fianna FáilFianna Fáil
, Irish political party, organized in 1926 by opponents of the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 establishing the Irish Free State and setting up Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom.
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 in 1932. The Fine Gael party accepted the British plan that partitioned Ireland, and has generally been less anti-British than its major opposition. Under John A. Costello, Fine Gael formed coalition governments with the Labor party from 1948 to 1951 and from 1954 to 1957. After a long period in opposition it regained power, again with the Labor party, in 1973; and William Cosgrave's son Liam CosgraveCosgrave, Liam
, 1920–2017, Irish statesman; son of William Cosgrave. After studying law, he entered the Dáil Éireann as a Fine Gael member in 1943 and served as minister of commerce and industry (1948–54), minister for external affairs (1954–57),
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 became prime minister. Except for a brief interruption in 1982, the party held power again from 1981 to 1987, when it was led by Garret FitzGeraldFitzGerald, Garrett,
1926–2011, Irish political leader. After studying economics and law, he lectured (1959–73) in political economy at his alma mater, University College.
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. From 1994 to 1997, Fine Gael once more formed a coalition government with Labor, with party leader John BrutonBruton, John
, 1947–, Irish politician, b. Dublin. A lawyer and farm owner, he is a member of the centrist Fine Gael party. Bruton was first elected to the Irish parliament in 1969 and during the 1970s served as a junior minister.
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 serving as prime minister. Michael Noonan succeeded Bruton as party leader in 2001. Noonan resigned after electoral losses in 2002 and was succeeded by Enda KennyKenny, Enda
, 1951–, Irish politician. After teaching primary school, he was elected to the Irish parliament in 1975, winning his late father's seat and becoming the body's youngest member.
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. In 2011, amid a financial crisis, Fine Gael and Labor won the election and Kenny became prime minister. The coalition suffered large losses in 2016 and Kenny was able to form a Fine Gael minority government only with the acquiescence of Fianna Fáil; Kenny stepped down as party leader and prime minister in 2017 and was succeeded by Leo Varadkar.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a statement yesterday, Fine Gael said: "Parliamentary party chairman Martin Heydon has written to general secretary Tom Curran regarding an internal matter within the party.
I can offer a new kind of leadership, a new way forward for Fine Gael and Ireland.
Varadkar is 2-5 to be the next Fine Gael leader and BoyleSports' spokeswoman Aoife Heffron said: "We have seen an influx of bets on Varadkar, who was once 11-10 but is now clearly heading the betting.
Until now, Fianna FAaAaAeA il and Fine Gael - both centrist parties - ha never shared power.
The parties have established the framework of a pact to enable a Fine Gael administration to govern for the period covering the next three budgets in the Irish parliament.
Kenny's Fine Gael, which recovered from a recent slide in two weekend surveys, remained unchanged at 28 percent in the Irish Times/MRBI poll, below the level they went into the campaign at and their 36 percent 2011 election mark.
But there is also a possibility Fine Gael could secure a pact with a collection of like-minded independents focused on solving the banking and fiscal crisis.
Mr Gilmore said he had not been contacted by Fine Gael but said his party - now the second largest in the state - would be open to discussions.
Indeed Fine Gael said it would be refusing to put forward a candidate to stand against Mary McAleese.
The former head of Young Fine Gael was wrong to state the mounting pressure on him to resign was a "trial by media", he should have had the courage to go before he was forced out.
Odds on being Taoiseach after next General Election Micheal Martin Fianna Fail 4/6 Leo Varadkar Fine Gael 6/5 Simon Coveney Fine Gael 20/1 Odds on being next leader of Fine Gael Leo Varadkar Fine Gael 1/33 Simon Coveney Fine Gael 9/1
Complicating the future of Ireland's government is the fact that Fianna FAaAaAeA il and Fine Gael both have said they would not want to form a coalitio making the formation of a new government problematic.