Finnish language


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Finnish language,

also called Suomi, member of the Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languagesFinno-Ugric languages
, also called Finno-Ugrian languages, group of languages forming a subdivision of the Uralic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages).
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. These languages form a subdivision of the Uralic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languagesUralic and Altaic languages
, two groups of related languages thought by many scholars to form a single Ural-Altaic linguistic family. However, other authorities hold that the Uralic and Altaic groups constitute two unconnected and separate language families.
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). Finnish is spoken by about 5 million people in Finland. Additional speakers totaling close to 1 million live in neighboring areas of Sweden and Russia and also in the United States. There are several dialects. In Finnish the first syllable of a word is stressed. The language has 15 cases for nouns, personal pronouns, and adjectives. It lacks grammatical gender and the article. There is a negative conjugation for the verb. Like the other Uralic and Altaic languages, Finnish has vowel harmony and agglutination. Postpositions are employed instead of prepositions. Suffixation is used to form derived nouns and verbs. The Finnish vocabulary has been enriched by words borrowed from the Germanic, Slavic, and Baltic languages. A modified Roman alphabet is used for writing Finnish, which has been recorded since the 16th cent.

Bibliography

See F. Karlsson, Finnish Grammar (tr. 1983); E. Holman, ed., Finnish Verb Handbook (1984).

References in periodicals archive ?
Offer is binding and it must be drawn up in the Finnish language.
The poets, performance artists and creative writing lecturers recently launched the Finnish language version of their anthology SAMPO: Heading Further North.
6) Mikael Agricola (circa 1510-1557) was the author of the first printed publications in the Finnish language.
Big Game" has some of the scenes with dialogues in the Finnish language, but most of the movie is in English.
Friari to believe the man is a fellow countryman; he commits to teaching him the Finnish language and, along with a pastor and a Red Cross nurse, helps Sampo return to Helsinki to reconstruct his identity.
I am of course also delighted that DNA have adopted the Finnish language element of our functionality and look forward to our other Nordic customers seizing the opportunity to adopt their home country language packs.
The book sample is complete, whereas the websites are, at least, a representative collection of what is available in the Finnish language.
Musiikkibasaari is in Finnish only, but on the other hand the idea and most of its content is easy to understand and use without any knowledge of the Finnish language.
By the way, one day I was searching on the internet and ended up on the pages of Italian artist Giulia Filippi where he had collected all the names for snow we have in the Finnish language.
Makela learned the Finnish language while growing up and has spoken it for years.
While the complexities of the Finnish language are legendary, making non-Finnish speakers grateful for this decision, it imposes huge linguistic challenges for the editors.
Voice and language solutions provider Nuance Communications Inc (NASDAQ:NUAN) said today that its Dragon Dictation and Dragon Search apps for iPhone, iPod touch and iPad are now available in Finland, supporting the Finnish language.

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