Flavin Mononucleotide


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Related to Flavin Mononucleotide: flavin mononucleotide (FMN)

flavin mononucleotide

[′fla·vən ¦mä·nō′nü·klē·ə‚tīd]
(biochemistry)

Flavin Mononucleotide

 

(FMN; also riboflavin phosphate), a nonprotein component (coenzyme) of many flavoproteins, which are present in all living cells; a phosphorylated derivative of riboflavin. Molecular weight, 456.35.

FMN is freely soluble in water and insoluble in diethyl ether, chloroform, and methanol. In the organism it is synthesized from riboflavin and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the presence of the enzyme riboflavikinnase. As a constituent of flavoproteins, FMN takes part in the oxidation-reduction processes of organisms. It is the biochemical precursor of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD).

The acronym FMN is widely used in the biological literature.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kometa, "On-line sample preparation for the determination of riboflavin and flavin mononucleotides in foodstuffs," Analyst, vol.
Quantification of riboflavin, flavin mononucleotide, and flavin adenine dinucleotide in human plasma by capillary electrophoresis and laser-induced fluorescence detection.
In contrast, neither plasma flavin mononucleotide nor plasma flavin adenine dinucleotide showed a relationship with dietary riboflavin, neither were they related to EGRAC or plasma riboflavin.