Flavio Biondo


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Biondo, Flavio

 

Born 1392 in Forlì; died June 4, 1463, in Rome. Italian humanist and historian.

Biondo was the first to distinguish the Middle Ages as a particular period of history. In his main work, Three Decades of History After the Fall of the Roman Empire, Biondo begins with Alaric’s conquest of Rome and ends with the year 1440, characterizing this period as a special epoch, different from antiquity and from the Renaissance. In Three Decades …, Biondo presents the history of medieval Europe in chronological order. He was one of the first who sought to establish criteria for the credibility of historical sources, and he criticized earlier medieval historiography from the standpoint of humanism. He is the author of the first work on the historical geography of Italy, Italy Illustrated.

WORKS

Roma instaurata et Italia illustrata. Venice, 1542.
Le decadi (Historiarum ab inclinatione Romanorum decades). Forlì, 1964.

REFERENCE

Vainshtein, O. L. Zapadno-evropeiskaia srednevekovaia istoriografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 261-64.
References in periodicals archive ?
With Cyriacus, Leon Battista Alberti, and especially Flavio Biondo, Poggio and Niccoli were seminal forces in the early transformation of the study of ancient Egypt.
Domenico Defilippis parla del De Neapolitana profectione, racconto di viaggio redatto nel 1473, da Ludovico Carbone, letterato della corte estense, in cui i ricordi del viaggio reale non disdegnano il ricorso a una fonte copiosa: l'Italia Illustrata di Flavio Biondo.
Meserve discusses works of both well-known humanists--including Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, and Francesco Filelfo--and less familiar figures (Andrea Biglia, for example), and she details manuscript and printed sources that her audience might have difficulty accessing on their own.
Many papers are extremely dense, and with notes taking up to half the broad double-column pages, appealing to the eruditissimi with deep interest in local place names and their evolution from Roman times, in the development of geographical description from Ptolemy and Strabo to Flavio Biondo and obscure contemporaries of Alberti.
Other instances of his borrowing from earlier humanist historians, including Flavio Biondo and Filippo Buonaccorsi, might also have been documented in the text itself, where they could shed light on Giovio's methods of reading and compilation.
Despite their common interest in grammar and other aspects of "eloquence," there is scant evidence of their being acquainted, thou gh Odo was close to Valla's great friend Giovanni Tortelli and to other humanists such as Flavio Biondo and Pier Candido Decembrio.
Third, there are two appendices containing (1) references to classical monuments in Petrarch, Flavio Biondo, Poggio Bracciolini, and Giovanni Tortelli, and (2) French translations of the relevant passages from these humanists.
The latter was, by virtue of his mastery of letters as well as arms, the seignorial exemplar par excellence, since, as Flavio Biondo put it, "only those adorned with letters deserve to be called true princes.
Barbara's main non-Venetian correspondents include several of the major figures of Quattrocento Italy: Flavio Biondo, Poggio Bracciolini, Guarino of Verona, Cosimo and Lorenzo de' Medici, and Pope Nicholas V.
Lapo knew and admired many of the leading humanists of his generation (in addition to his teachers he mentions, among others, Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, and Lorenzo Valla).
63) In the mid-fifteenth century Flavio Biondo included information from both Ptolemy and Strabo in Italia illustrata.