Flavio Biondo


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Biondo, Flavio

 

Born 1392 in Forlì; died June 4, 1463, in Rome. Italian humanist and historian.

Biondo was the first to distinguish the Middle Ages as a particular period of history. In his main work, Three Decades of History After the Fall of the Roman Empire, Biondo begins with Alaric’s conquest of Rome and ends with the year 1440, characterizing this period as a special epoch, different from antiquity and from the Renaissance. In Three Decades …, Biondo presents the history of medieval Europe in chronological order. He was one of the first who sought to establish criteria for the credibility of historical sources, and he criticized earlier medieval historiography from the standpoint of humanism. He is the author of the first work on the historical geography of Italy, Italy Illustrated.

WORKS

Roma instaurata et Italia illustrata. Venice, 1542.
Le decadi (Historiarum ab inclinatione Romanorum decades). Forlì, 1964.

REFERENCE

Vainshtein, O. L. Zapadno-evropeiskaia srednevekovaia istoriografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 261-64.
References in periodicals archive ?
Con il sorgere della storiografia, nell'ambito di un interesse generale per gli scritti originali dei Romani e dei Greci, si svolse una famosa discussione tra Flavio Biondo (1392-1463) e Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444) sulla situazione linguistica nell'antichitAaAaAeA romana.
The Amalfian, Flavio Biondo, perfected the compass which was of critical importance to navigation.
before 1474), Flavio Biondo (September 1462), Porcellio Pandoni (1464?
Unas paginas bien interesantes en donde el texto recoge las razones con las que eminentes autores como Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444), Flavio Biondo (1392-1463), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494), Francesco Guicciardini (1482-1540) o Michel Montaigne (1533-1592), entre otros, articulan el surgimiento de una nueva conciencia historica (pp.
Domenico Defilippis parla del De Neapolitana profectione, racconto di viaggio redatto nel 1473, da Ludovico Carbone, letterato della corte estense, in cui i ricordi del viaggio reale non disdegnano il ricorso a una fonte copiosa: l'Italia Illustrata di Flavio Biondo.
One merit of the French volume is a useful compendium of references to classical monuments drawn from Petrarch, Flavio Biondo, Poggio Bracciolini, and Giovanni Tortelli.
Meserve discusses works of both well-known humanists--including Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, and Francesco Filelfo--and less familiar figures (Andrea Biglia, for example), and she details manuscript and printed sources that her audience might have difficulty accessing on their own.
Flavio Biondo (1392-1463) in turn maintained that classical Latin had been a single language, if one that embraced a range of styles from colloquialism to lofty eloquence.
His views were contested first of all by Flavio Biondo, who believed that Latin had been used by all classes, although with varieties of tone, and that the modern vernacular sprang from the corrupting effect which the barbarian invasions had upon Latin.
With Cyriacus, Leon Battista Alberti, and especially Flavio Biondo, Poggio and Niccoli were seminal forces in the early transformation of the study of ancient Egypt.
Many papers are extremely dense, and with notes taking up to half the broad double-column pages, appealing to the eruditissimi with deep interest in local place names and their evolution from Roman times, in the development of geographical description from Ptolemy and Strabo to Flavio Biondo and obscure contemporaries of Alberti.
Of very special importance here was his close association with Hartmann Schedel at Nuremberg, whose magnificent library was not only stocked with virtually all the essential texts, from Pomponius Mela, Pliny the Elder, Ptolemy, and Strabo to Flavio Biondo and Enea Silvio Piccolomini, but also contained the description of the world in hexameters by Dionysius Periegetes, which may to some extent have served as a model for Celtis's own poem, the Germania generalis.