Floridablanca, Count of

Floridablanca, Count of

 

(José Moñino y Redondo). Born Oct. 21, 1728, in Murcia; died Dec. 30, 1808, in Sevilla. Spanish statesman; adherent of enlightened absolutism. Count.

Floridablanca was prime minister in the court of the Spanish kings Charles III and Charles IV from 1777 to 1792. He carried out reforms aimed at furthering the centralization of the state, weakening the influence of the provincial elite, and developing the country’s economy. He sought to strengthen Spanish-French relations and supported the colonies during the American Revolution (1775–83). After the French Revolution began, he intensified the government’s repression against the liberal movement and supported the French counterrevolutionary émigrés. As opposition to his policies continued to grow, Floridablanca was ousted from his post and exiled in February 1792. While in exile he wrote 13 memorials on various branches of Spanish government, which made up his “Political Testament.” Floridablanca was elected president of the Central Junta, to which supreme authority in the country was turned over after the abdication of Charles IV in 1808.

WORKS

Obras originales del conde de Floridablanca. Madrid, 1912. (Biblioteca de Autores españoles, vol. 59.)

E. E. LITAVRINA

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