Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

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Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

Address:4700 Ave U, Bldg 216
Galveston, TX 77551

Phone:409-621-5151
Fax:409-621-1316
Web: flowergarden.noaa.gov
Location:The Sanctuary is comprised of the East Flower Garden Bank, the West Flower Garden Bank, and Stetson Bank. The Flower Garden Banks are located 105 miles south of the Texas/Louisiana border and Stetson Bank is 70 miles south of Galveston, Texas.
Activities:Diving and recreational fishing.
Special Features:Each August, the eighth day after the full moon, the waters of the Flower Garden Banks are engulfed in white as the coral reefs begin spawning. Coral spawning was rarely seen before 1990, when it occurred in the Flower Garden Banks. Due in part to this phenomenal occurrence, Scuba Diving magazine has ranked it among the top ten overall dive destinations in North America. Description:Description: The northernmost coral reef in the continental United States, the Flower Garden Banks sit atop two salt domes rising above the ocean floor. The coral reefs ascend to within 66 feet of the ocean's surface. Including all three banks, the sanctuary encompasses approximately 49 square miles. Twenty-one species of coral are found in the sanctuary and more than 80 species of algae provide food for the marine animals, including more than 200 species of fish. Within the East Flower Garden Bank is the only known oceanic brine seep location in continental shelf waters. Unlike the coral development of the East and West Flower Garden Banks, the corals found in Stetson Bank do not build reefs. Stetson Bank supports a coral and sponge habitat. Facilities:Exhibit at the Audubon Aquarium of the Americas in New Orleans. Common Species: Manta ray, barracuda, whale shark, scalloped hammerhead shark, loggerhead, hawksbill, and leatherback turtles, and the golden smooth trunkfish. Environmental Issues: Vessel anchoring, oil and gas development, and the impact of increased recreational diving. Habitats: Brine seep, coral reef, and sponge habitats. Access: The Sanctuary is only accessible by boat. With favorable weather conditions it takes seven to eight hours to reach the Flower Garden Banks.
Year Designated: 1992.

See other parks in Texas.
References in periodicals archive ?
The initial sister MPA relationship will focus on Guanahacabibes National Park in Cuba, including its offshore Bank of San Antonio, and the Flower Garden Banks and Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuaries, managed by NOAA s Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, and the Dry Tortugas and Biscayne national parks managed by the National Park Service.
The accord calls specifically for scientists from the Florida Keys and the Texas Flower Garden Banks national sanctuaries to work together with researchers from Cuba's Guanahacabibes National Park and the Banco de San Antonio.
The report showed that some of the healthiest Caribbean coral reefs are those with large populations of grazing parrotfish, including the US Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary in the northern Gulf of Mexico, Bermuda and Bonaire.
stellata is the Flower Garden Banks off the coast of Texas and Louisiana (Eiseman and Blair, 1982; Hill and Lehman, 2008), but it also occurs in Florida (Dawes et al.
The Flower Garden Banks are located approximately 200 km south of the border between Texas and Louisiana, on the outer continental shelf, beginning at a depth of approximately 20 m.
The East Flower Garden (EFG) brine seep, located within the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, is one of these seeps and is the focus of this study.
The 82-foot-long R/V Manta will be based in Galveston, Texas and serve the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary located 100 miles offshore.
NR 1 has been involved in a number of civilian research projects through the past decades, with the most recent being the Flower Garden Banks Expedition in the Gulf of Mexico.
One of its latest expeditions was in the Gulf of Mexico, where it helped a group of geologists, biologists and marine archeologists explore one of the nation's 13 protected ocean sanctuaries, the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, 115 miles off the coast of Texas and Louisiana.
The Flower Garden Banks is a largely unknown area, and this expedition hopes to shed light on the details of its coral reef system, brine seeps, mud volcanoes, and ancient shorelines, as well as the interactions between the area's residents and the distinctive geology.
In the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), red porgy are usually found near hard-bottom areas off the west-central Florida coast and the Florida Middle Ground, and the Flower Garden Banks off Texas (Smith et al.
The idea came from Georgia photographer Franklin Viola (below), who showed us images he had taken four years apart at one of America's most pristine coral reef communities: the Flower Garden Banks, about 100 miles south of Texas in the Gulf of Mexico.