Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

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Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary

Address:4700 Ave U, Bldg 216
Galveston, TX 77551

Phone:409-621-5151
Fax:409-621-1316
Web: flowergarden.noaa.gov
Location:The Sanctuary is comprised of the East Flower Garden Bank, the West Flower Garden Bank, and Stetson Bank. The Flower Garden Banks are located 105 miles south of the Texas/Louisiana border and Stetson Bank is 70 miles south of Galveston, Texas.
Activities:Diving and recreational fishing.
Special Features:Each August, the eighth day after the full moon, the waters of the Flower Garden Banks are engulfed in white as the coral reefs begin spawning. Coral spawning was rarely seen before 1990, when it occurred in the Flower Garden Banks. Due in part to this phenomenal occurrence, Scuba Diving magazine has ranked it among the top ten overall dive destinations in North America. Description:Description: The northernmost coral reef in the continental United States, the Flower Garden Banks sit atop two salt domes rising above the ocean floor. The coral reefs ascend to within 66 feet of the ocean's surface. Including all three banks, the sanctuary encompasses approximately 49 square miles. Twenty-one species of coral are found in the sanctuary and more than 80 species of algae provide food for the marine animals, including more than 200 species of fish. Within the East Flower Garden Bank is the only known oceanic brine seep location in continental shelf waters. Unlike the coral development of the East and West Flower Garden Banks, the corals found in Stetson Bank do not build reefs. Stetson Bank supports a coral and sponge habitat. Facilities:Exhibit at the Audubon Aquarium of the Americas in New Orleans. Common Species: Manta ray, barracuda, whale shark, scalloped hammerhead shark, loggerhead, hawksbill, and leatherback turtles, and the golden smooth trunkfish. Environmental Issues: Vessel anchoring, oil and gas development, and the impact of increased recreational diving. Habitats: Brine seep, coral reef, and sponge habitats. Access: The Sanctuary is only accessible by boat. With favorable weather conditions it takes seven to eight hours to reach the Flower Garden Banks.
Year Designated: 1992.

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References in classic literature ?
In th' flower gardens out there things will be stirrin' down below in th' dark.
She went out into the garden as quickly as possible, and the first thing she did was to run round and round the fountain flower garden ten times.
You need not be afraid, Miss Elliot, of your own sweet flower gardens being neglected.
I am not fond of the idea of my shrubberies being always approachable; and I should recommend Miss Elliot to be on her guard with respect to her flower garden.
The old folks schemed and gathered and added the land into the big holdings, and built the great barns and mansions, and planted the house orchards and flower gardens.
Handsome houses stood on both sides of the road and each had a green lawn before it as well as a pretty flower garden.
Musing on the strangeness of life, and on the invariable ultimate triumph of the insignificant and small over the important and vast, illustrated in this instance by the easy substitution in the arbour of slugs for grandfathers, I went slowly round the next bend of the path, and came to the broad walk along the south side of the high wall dividing the flower garden from the kitchen garden, in which sheltered position my father had had his choicest flowers.
I'm going to plant a flower garden, next Spring, and I'll put you in the middle of it, for an ornament.
The festival of urban flower gardens in Stavropol was crowned with the victory of the Stavropol State University.
Next spring, we'll begin seedlings for our many vegetable and flower gardens.
00, 7 April 2016 Discover the world's most famous flower gardens and the canals and cobblestones of Amsterdam.
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