Twenty-eight provinces were affected by fluorosis
in China [in Chinese].
has some hormonal, gastrointestinal, hematological, skeletal, renal, respiratory, cardiovascular, immunological, neurological and developmental side effects (1-4).
While dental fluorosis
is very common, we are more concerned about skeletal fluorosis
as it can lead to structural deformities," Bhagotia adds.
Mild dental fluorosis
, or mottling of the teeth, has increased in fluoridated communities from 13.
1937, "Endemic fluorosis
in the madras presidency", Ind.
In chronic fluoride toxicity, the major manifestation of chronic ingestion of excess amounts of fluoride can result in significant enamel defects known as dental fluorosis
Endemic skeletal fluorosis
in children: hypocalcemia and the presence of renal resistance to parathyroid hormone.
The Irish Expert Body on Fluorides and Health asked for the reduction because of a slight increase in dental fluorosis
Parents may not know that giving fluoridated water to infants younger than 1 has the potential to cause enamel fluorosis
in the child's permanent teeth still in development in the gums.
This text was drafted in response and contains chapters discussing fluoride environmental occurrence, geochemistry, and exposure; human health effects; guidelines and standards; removal of excessive fluoride; analytical methods; and country data on dental and skeletal fluorosis
associated with exposure to fluoride through drinking water (covering 28 countries).
is not the only risk stemming from a baby's exposure to fluoride.
The study found no significant difference between the two cities for children's decayed, missing and filled teeth, but discovered twice the rate of dental fluorosis
in children in the fluoridated city.