Fluorosis


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Related to Fluorosis: Skeletal fluorosis

Fluorosis

 

a chronic disease caused by prolonged excessive ingestion of fluorine. The consumption of water with a high fluorine concentration (more than 1–1.2 mg/liter) or food with an excessive quantity of fluoride compounds results in the retention of fluorine salts in bones and dental tissues and the replacement of soluble calcium compounds by the insoluble compounds of calcium and fluorine. Fluorosis is manifested by the appearance of stains on dental enamel and by a change in the structure of bony tissue (osteosclerosis), causing bone deformity and calcification of ligaments. When contact with fluorine is terminated, symptoms of fluorosis decrease.

References in periodicals archive ?
An excessive fluoride intake causes fluorosis in teeth and bones [5].
This study is to measure the prevalence of dental fluorosis and dental caries in the population residing in an area with a high and normal level of fluoride in drinking water and to find whether high fluoride level in drinking water is more protective for dental caries or a risk factor for dental fluorosis.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the occurrence of dental fluorosis in children of Avarankattur village in Pappireddipatti block of Dharmapuri district and correlating it with fluoride content of drinking water and other related factors.
Sabemos que la presencia cronica y sostenida del ion F- en el plasma aumenta la probabilidad de su incorporacion a los tejidos en proceso de moralizacion, (10) pero existe la percepcion erronea de que la hipomineralizacion observada en la fluorosis dental es consecuencia unica de la incorporacion excesiva de F- en el esmalte.
La Organizacion Mundial de la Salud, refiere que la fluorosis dental, se ha detectado en mayor proporcion en zonas cuyas aguas de consumo tiene fluor en concentraciones mayores de 1 parte por millon (ppm) o 0,5/1-F- siendo este valor maximo recomendado por esta organizacion (5).
The clinical examination and history revealed that the present discoloration was due to Generalized fluorosis representing as opaque patches, subsurface brown staining and small pits in enamel representing severe fluorosis (Figure 1).
Dental fluorosis is a change in appearance in the tooth's enamel (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2015).
Incidence of prevalence of infertility among married male members of endemic fluorosis districts of Andhra Pradesh Proceedings of a Conference of the International Society of Fluoride Research.
Various studies have investigated whether oxidative stress (OS) and lipid peroxidation are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic fluorosis.
In view of the increased emphasis on safety of drinking water, public health and water managers in developing countries give less emphasis to fluorosis in the presence of other highly prevalent life-threatening health problems [15].
Fluorosis and thyroid dysfunction are major problems in India.