flying squirrel

(redirected from Flying squirrels)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Flying squirrels: northern flying squirrel

flying squirrel,

name for certain nocturnal tree squirrelssquirrel,
name for small or medium-sized rodents of the family Sciuridae, found throughout the world except in Australia, Madagascar, and the polar regions; it is applied especially to the tree-living species.
..... Click the link for more information.
 adapted for gliding; they do not actually fly. Most are found in Asia, but one species of the genus Pteromys extends into SE Europe and the two species of Glaucomys are found in North America. The gliding mechanism is a fold of furry skin extending along each side of the body from the wrist to the ankle and, in some species, to the tail. When the animal is at rest the flaps are folded; when it stretches its limbs for leaping, as do all tree squirrels, the flaps are stretched out taut like a parachute. The tail in many species is broad and flat, with a flat row of hairs on either side. The animal uses movements of the flaps, limbs, and tail to control direction. The glide always starts from a high tree branch; if it is a long glide the animal comes to rest near the ground and must climb up again. The small North American flying squirrels leap from heights of 50 ft (15 m) or more and may travel a horizontal distance of over 100 ft (30 m). Flying squirrels are seldom seen because of their nocturnal habits and high dwelling places. They nest, often many together, in holes in trees. They feed on a variety of plant matter, as well as on insects. The North American flying squirrels, found in forested regions over much of the continent, have soft, thick, brownish fur. The northern species, Glaucomys sabrinus, of Canada and the NE and W United States, is up to 12 in. (30 cm) long including the tail, which is nearly as long as the head and body; it weighs 4 to 6 1-2 oz (110–180 grams). The southern species, G. volans, of the eastern half of the United States and parts of Mexico and Guatemala, is slightly shorter and weighs about a third as much. Most Old World species are similar, but the giant flying squirrels, genus Pteromys, of S Asia, are up to 4 ft (120 cm) long and may be observed sleeping on branches during the day. The scaly-tailed squirrels, or African flying squirrels, are not true squirrels, but members of a separate rodent family (Anomaluridae). Found only in tropical Africa, they are anatomically quite different from the true flying squirrels and include both gliding and nongliding species. Flying squirrels are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Sciuridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Notes on the biology of Mexican flying squirrels (Glaucomys volans) (Rodentia:Sciuridae).
Brill-Zinsser disease in a patient following infection with sylvatic epidemic typhus associated with flying squirrels.
In the end, the organization settled on the Flying Squirrels despite relatively little fan support for this particular option, leaving some commentators to believe this name had been chosen from the beginning.
I only used data from 1998 to 2001 to compare the composition of the animal communities occupying cavities at the two study sites as data from 1997 were lacking for GSE Correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationships between group size and (1) cavity number, (2) use by Red-bellied Woodpeckers (Melanerpes carolinus), (3) use by flying squirrels, and (4) total use by other species.
THE Mirror set off on the trail of the killer flying squirrels armed with nothing more than trusty binoculars and a map.
According to the researchers, when Japanese giant flying squirrels glided over to a tree in the monkeys' vicinity, adults and adolescent macaques started hollering at it threateningly.
Improved methods for capturing wild flying squirrels.
According to the Worldwide Fund for Nature of Finland, threatened animal species include wolves, bears, lynx, otters, flying squirrels and forest reindeer.
Its heroine, named after Dickey's young daughter, gets enlisted by a kingdom of flying squirrels to rid themselves of the Shape-Shifter, a metaphysical boogie man Dickey described as ``like the wrong side of brightness.
Texas, for at least 10 years, until recently I had mistakenly assumed that these were the calls of insects or flying squirrels.
Squirrels: Both gray and flying squirrels are known to find winter shelter in attics, exterior walls and even between floors using insulation as nesting material.
Also, rodlike bones covered in tissue membranes tend to accompany flying or gliding, as in bats and flying squirrels, Xu says.