Fongafale


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Fongafale

(fông'gäfä`lā), islet (2001 est. pop. 5,000), site of the government center and largest settlement in the island nation of TuvaluTuvalu
, independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 11,600), 10 sq mi (26 sq km), composed of nine low coral atolls, formerly known as the Ellice (or Lagoon) Islands, scattered over the W Pacific Ocean. The capital is the atoll of Funafuti.
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. Part of the atoll of FunafutiFunafuti
, capital and chief atoll of Tuvalu, S Pacific. It comprises 30 islets of a reef 13 mi (21 km) long, with a land area of c.1 sq mi (2.6 sq km). The islet of Fongafale is the most populous part of the atoll; the center of government is there.
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 (which is officially the capital), Fongafale is also the site of a meteorological station, a hospital, Tuvalu's main port, and an international airport. The islet's name is also spelled Fogafale or Fagafale.
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He writes: "In October 1975 the eight coral islands forming the Ellice group became an independent state, with its capital at Fongafale.
A reliable world atlas shows Fongafale situated one degree, 30 minutes west of the International Date Line.
Despite the limited land area and the high water table in densely populated Fongafale on Funafuti, Tuvalu, the containment of sewage by septic tanks and pit latrines seems to be complete enough, at this stage, to reduce faecal contamination of the lagoon to levels that can be assimilated by dilution which is facilitated by tidal flushing of the lagoon.