Forbes, Duncan,1685–1747, Scottish statesman, known as Forbes of Culloden. As lord advocate of Scotland (1725–37) and lord president of the court of session (1737–47), his influence and diplomacy did much to consolidate the union of England and Scotland, but his plan to create royal highland regiments to prevent clan uprisings was not adopted until 1739 when the famous regiment, the Black WatchBlack Watch
or Royal Highland Regiment,
Scottish infantry regiment. The first companies were raised in 1725 to watch the rebellious Scottish highlands and keep the peace, and the regiment was formed 1739–40.
..... Click the link for more information. , was founded. He actively opposed the JacobiteJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
..... Click the link for more information. rebels in 1715 and 1745 and urged lenient treatment in pacifying the country after the defeat and massacre of the rebels at the battle of Culloden MoorCulloden Moor
, moorland, Highland, NE Scotland. There, on Apr. 16, 1746, English forces under the duke of Cumberland defeated the Highlanders under Prince Charles Edward Stuart, thus ending the Jacobite uprising of 1745 (see Jacobites).
..... Click the link for more information. (1746).
See biography by G. Menary (1936).