poetry(redirected from Formal poetry)
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poetry.For lyric poetry, see balladballad,
in literature, short, narrative poem usually relating a single, dramatic event. Two forms of the ballad are often distinguished—the folk ballad, dating from about the 12th cent., and the literary ballad, dating from the late 18th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. ; elegyelegy,
in Greek and Roman poetry, a poem written in elegiac verse (i.e., couplets consisting of a hexameter line followed by a pentameter line). The form dates back to 7th cent. B.C. in Greece and poets such as Archilochus, Mimnermus, and Tytraeus.
..... Click the link for more information. ; hymnhymn,
song of praise, devotion, or thanksgiving, especially of a religious character (see also cantata).
Early Christian hymnody consisted mainly of the Psalms and the great canticles Nunc dimittis, Magnificat, and Benedictus
..... Click the link for more information. ; lyriclyric,
in ancient Greece, a poem accompanied by a musical instrument, usually a lyre. Although the word is still often used to refer to the songlike quality in poetry, it is more generally used to refer to any short poem that expresses a personal emotion, be it a sonnet, ode,
..... Click the link for more information. ; odeode,
elaborate and stately lyric poem of some length. The ode dates back to the Greek choral songs that were sung and danced at public events and celebrations. The Greek odes of Pindar, which were modeled on the choral odes of Greek drama, were poems of praise or glorification.
..... Click the link for more information. ; pastoralpastoral,
literary work in which the shepherd's life is presented in a conventionalized manner. In this convention the purity and simplicity of shepherd life is contrasted with the corruption and artificiality of the court or the city.
..... Click the link for more information. ; sonnetsonnet,
poem of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, restricted to a definite rhyme scheme. There are two prominent types: the Italian, or Petrarchan, sonnet, composed of an octave and a sestet (rhyming abbaabba cdecde
..... Click the link for more information. . For narrative poetry, see chansons de gestechansons de geste
[Fr.,=songs of deeds], a group of epic poems of medieval France written from the 11th through the 13th cent. Varying in length from 1,000 to 20,000 lines, assonanced or (in the 13th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. ; epicepic,
long, exalted narrative poem, usually on a serious subject, centered on a heroic figure. The earliest epics, known as primary, or original, epics, were shaped from the legends of an age when a nation was conquering and expanding; such is the foundation of the Babylonian
..... Click the link for more information. ; idylidyl
, short poem. The ancient idyls, especially those of Bion and Moschus, were intended as little selections in the style of such longer poems as elegies or epics. There are 10 famous idyls by the Greek Theocritus, and, since some of them dealt with pastoral or rural scenes,
..... Click the link for more information. ; romanceromance
[O.Fr.,=something written in the popular language, i.e., a Romance language]. The roman of the Middle Ages was a form of chivalric and romantic literature widely diffused throughout Europe from the 11th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . Dramatic poetry is incidentally treated in the articles drama, Westerndrama, Western,
plays produced in the Western world. This article discusses the development of Western drama in general; for further information see the various national literature articles.
..... Click the link for more information. ; and tragedytragedy,
form of drama that depicts the suffering of a heroic individual who is often overcome by the very obstacles he is struggling to remove. The protagonist may be brought low by a character flaw or, as Hegel stated, caught in a "collision of equally justified ethical aims.
..... Click the link for more information. . See also articles on individual poets and on various national literatures. For technical discussions of poetry, see free versefree verse,
term loosely used for rhymed or unrhymed verse made free of conventional and traditional limitations and restrictions in regard to metrical structure. Cadence, especially that of common speech, is often substituted for regular metrical pattern.
..... Click the link for more information. ; pentameterpentameter
[Gr.,=measure of five], in prosody, a line to be scanned in five feet (see versification). The third line of Thomas Nashe's "Spring" is in pentameter: "Cold doth / not sting, / the pret / ty birds / do sing.
..... Click the link for more information. ; rhymerhyme
the most prominent of the literary artifices used in versification. Although it was used in ancient East Asian poetry, rhyme was practically unknown to the ancient Greeks and Romans.
..... Click the link for more information. ; versificationversification,
principles of metrical practice in poetry. In different literatures poetic form is achieved in various ways; usually, however, a definite and predictable pattern is evident in the language.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See also Inspiration.Bragi
god of verse. [Norse Myth.: Parrinder, 50]
of epic poetry. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 159]
fountain; endowed drinker with poetic creativity. [Gk. Myth.: LLEI, I: 325]
creator of bucolic poetry. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 75]
Muse of love lyrics. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 159]
Muse of lyric poetry. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 159]
legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. [Gk. Lit.: Benét, 474]
Pleiade, The 16th
mountains sacred to Muses; hence, abode of poetry. [Gk. Myth.: Hall, 234]
Sappho (c. 620–c. 565 B. C.)
century poets sought to revitalize French literature. [Fr. Hist.: Benét, 795]
lyric poet sometimes called the “tenth muse.” [Gk. Lit.: Benét, 896–897]
the goddess of ancient fertility and the moon whose worship is claimed by Robert Graves to be the origin of poetry. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1087]
1. literature in metrical form; verse
2. the art or craft of writing verse