Formula One


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Formula One

(F1), type of racecar used in Grand Prix automobile racingautomobile racing,
sport in which specially designed or modified automobiles race on any of various courses. Automobile racing originated in France in 1894 and appeared in the United States the following year. It is now one of the most popular spectator sports in the world.
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. Capable of speeds exceeding 230 mph (370 kph), the technologically sophisticated F1 cars are low-slung, open-wheeled, single-seat vehicles with powerful mid-engines, air foils, electronic aids, special suspensions, and large tires. They are usually smaller and more maneuverable than similar "Indy-type" racecars. Grand Prix races are usually held on special closed-circuit racetracks, although some (e.g., Monaco Grand Prix) take place on closed streets in and around cities. The design of the F1 cars and rules of F1 racing are under the control of the Paris-based Fédération International de l'Automobile (FIA). The first Grand Prix auto race was held in France in 1906, but it was not until after World War II that F1 racing was born; it soon became one of the world's most popular—and most expensive—sports.

Today's Grand Prix races feature national teams and a standard racing circuit. F1 racecars are usually made by major automobile manufacturers called constructors—Ferrari, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz (Daimler), Renault, Toyota, and others—and are maintained by full-time teams. The teams are usually sponsored by large corporations, often in cooperation with an automobile company; some are sponsored solely by car companies. F1 racing was traditionally centered in Europe, but F1 Grand Prix races are now held worldwide. Since 1950 the FIA has declared an annual F1 world champion constructor and driver. Among the best-known drivers are Argentina's Juan Fangio (1950s), Britain's Jackie StewartStewart, Jackie
(John Young Stewart), 1939–, Scottish automobile race driver. He began racing in 1961 and by 1973 had won 27 world championship Grand Prix victories. A dominant force in the sport, he won three world formula one championships before retiring in late 1973.
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 (1960s–70s), America's Mario AndrettiAndretti, Mario
, 1940–, American auto racing driver, b. Italy. He is the only driver to have won the Indianapolis 500 (1969), stock racing's Daytona 500 (1967), and the international Formula One championship (1978).
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 (1978), Austria's Niki Lauda (1970s–80s), France's Alain Prost (1980s–90s), and Germany's Michael SchumacherSchumacher, Michael
, 1969–, German auto race driver, b. Hürth-Hermühlheim. Regarded as the best Formula 1 (F1) driver of his era, he debuted as a racecar driver in 1988 and within two years had become Germany's Formula Three champion.
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 (1990s–2000s).

Bibliography

See S. Arron and M. Hughes, The Complete Book of Formula One (2003); P. G. Wright, Formula 1 Technology (2003); B. Jones Complete Encyclopedia of Formula One (2004); D. Tremayne, The Science of Formula 1 Design (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
The famed Formula One logo in black and red was seen for the last time at the Yas Marina Circuit with new owners and the commercial rights holders Liberty Media unveiling a new design for the 2018 season and beyond.
Having relocated to the UK and now sharing two Academy houses near their work placements - at the INFINITI Technical Center in Cranfield (Milton Keynes) and the Renault Sport Formula One Team in Enstone (Oxfordshire) - the winners of the third successive and biggest yet edition of the Academy have moved into their new homes, taken induction courses at each of the engineering centers and met their senior engineer mentors.
7% minority stake in Formula One for USD746m cash, which is equal to USD821m in consideration less a USD75m discount to be repaid by Liberty Media to selling stockholders upon completion of the acquisition, concurrently effective with the execution of the acquisition agreement.
Mark Gallagher has worked in Formula One for almost 30 years and has spent the last 15 working as senior executive within the management of Jordan Grand Prix, Red Bull Racing and Cosworth.
Safety is always paramount so we have to find ways to ensure our drivers are as protected as possible and I don't think the aesthetics of a Formula One car - yes they are important, they are the very fibre and DNA DN of Formula A of FORMULA ONE - and what cars look like is important, but safety has to be paramount.
According to the BBC, Ecclestone said that he feels Hs asked to be admitted into Formula One adding that they would be accepted.
Emirates' 128-destination network will enable motor racing fans to reach virtually all Formula One locations for the 2013 season.
Emirates will have a strong branding presence at 15 races on the 2013 FIA Formula One World Championship calendar across Europe, Asia, Australasia, North America and South America.
Aside from the massive support provided by the CWM for the Formula One and Etihad Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, they also continuously provide support to residential, sporting and touristic activities in Abu Dhabi.
Scores of other Formula One team officials have also reached Bahrain, including McLaren Team Principal Martin Whitmarsh.
CVC hired Goldman Sachs Group Inc (NYSE: GS) and Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc (LSE: RBS) to refinance a loan that was used to fund the buyout of Formula One.
Bahrain had been dropped from the 2011 calendar following protests from Formula One teams and drivers after widespread civil unrest last February and March.