Fort Duquesne


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Fort Duquesne

(dəkān`, do͞o–), at the junction of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, on the site of Pittsburgh, SW Pa. Because of its strategic location, it was a major objective in the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. The fort was begun by a group of Virginians in 1754 at the insistence of Gov. Robert Dinwiddie. The French drove the Virginians away on Apr. 17, 1754, and completed the fort; they named it after the Marquis de Duquesne, governor-general of New France. George Washington's Virginia militia had failed to reach the fort before the arrival of the French (see Fort NecessityFort Necessity,
entrenched camp built in July, 1754, by George Washington and his Virginia militia at Great Meadows (near the present Uniontown, Pa.). He retired there when he learned that the British fort at the forks of the Ohio (the site of Pittsburgh) had been captured (and
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). Fort Duquesne was also the goal of an unsuccessful expedition under English Gen. Edward Braddock in 1755. On Nov. 24, 1758, the French abandoned their position without a fight to advancing British troops led by Gen. John Forbes and retreated north after burning Fort Duquesne. The English rebuilt it and renamed it Fort Pitt, around which Pittsburgh grew.

Duquesne, Fort:

see Fort DuquesneFort Duquesne
, at the junction of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, on the site of Pittsburgh, SW Pa. Because of its strategic location, it was a major objective in the last of the French and Indian Wars.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yamaguchi is obsessed by the tale of an 18th-century woodland girl described as "beyond understanding" in a journal written by a British army physician during Edward Braddock's expedition to Fort Duquesne in 1755.
Lawrence Convention Center, n 1000 Fort Duquesne Blvd.
The author has organized the main body of his text in eleven chapters devoted to the Anglo-Cherokee alliance from 1730 to 1753, the beginning of the French and Indian War, Cherokees in the campaigns against Fort Duquesne, the crises of 1759 and the Lyttelton Expedition, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
Eventually, in the Fort Duquesne, Fort Niagara, Amherst's Lake Champlain, Louisbourg, Quebec, Montreal, and Cuba campaigns the Royal Americans served well.
Information: Carrie Hartz, Air & Waste Management Association, One Gateway Center, 3rd Floor, 420 Fort Duquesne Boulevard, Pittsburgh, PA 15222-1435 USA, 412-904-6008, e-mail: chary@awma.
Washington led a select expeditionary force to Fort Duquesne while short-term, stay-at-home minutemen turned out at Lexington and Concord.
Edward Braddock who was planning to attack the French at Fort Duquesne.
Braddock landed in Virginia, tasked with capturing France's Fort Duquesne in what is today Pittsburgh.
The French believed the land belonged to them and were building a series of forts, including Fort Duquesne, along the Ohio River.
The French then built Fort Duquesne on the site, dominating the entire region.
You'll see firsthand why young surveyor George Washington, in 1753, called the wooded point "extremely well situated for a Fort, as it has the absolute Command of both Rivers;' The former site of Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt (we spoke French in these parts before we spoke English) is now occupied by Point State Park and the city's gigantic signature fountain; steel-and-glass skyscrapers have replaced most of the woods.
Two regiments of infantry, the 44th and 48th, arrived from England and after some difficult months making preparations and recruiting additional troops locally--with Braddock's temper almost permanently at boiling point--the army marched for Fort Duquesne.

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