Fort Necessity

Necessity, Fort:

see Fort NecessityFort Necessity,
entrenched camp built in July, 1754, by George Washington and his Virginia militia at Great Meadows (near the present Uniontown, Pa.). He retired there when he learned that the British fort at the forks of the Ohio (the site of Pittsburgh) had been captured (and
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.

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Fort Necessity,

entrenched camp built in July, 1754, by George Washington and his Virginia militia at Great Meadows (near the present Uniontown, Pa.). He retired there when he learned that the British fort at the forks of the Ohio (the site of Pittsburgh) had been captured (and renamed Fort Duquesne) by the French. In late May, 1754, a French patrol had been defeated and its leader killed in a surprise attack led by Washington near Great Meadows. A large French reprisal force attacked Fort Necessity and forced Washington to surrender on July 4. He secured easy terms from the French and departed for Virginia with all his surviving men and their baggage. These two skirmishes marked the opening of the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. Near Fort Necessity National Battlefield (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table) is the grave of the British general Edward Braddock.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study was conducted from 2007-2009 at Fort Necessity National Battlefield (FONE) and at Ohiopyle State Park, both located in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, USA.
Brian Mast has worked for the National Park Service as an interpretive ranger at such parks as Fort Necessity National Battlefield and Flight 93 National Memorial.
Instead, 20-plus years before independence, the Fourth was best known for the routing of Washington's troops from Fort Necessity by hostile French and Indian fighters at the start of the eponymous war.
From Maryland, the Road swings west through southern Pennsylvania, with a stop at the Fort Necessity National Battlefield, site of the first battle of the French and Indian War.
Following George Washington's defeat at Fort Necessity the previous year, imperial authorities dispatched one of their top commanders, General Braddock, to regain control of the frontier.
Washington's men constructed Fort Necessity as a defensive measure.
Branded an "assassin" by the French, Washington in turn was attacked and forced to fall back on Great Meadows, where he threw up a rough palisade he called Fort Necessity.
Sites of interest include Fort Necessity (the only national park on a French & Indian War battlefield) and Fort Ligonier (home of the extremely rare Washington autobiographical document, "Remarks," in which the future general of the Continental Army and president of the U.
He lost his first major engagement during the French and Indian war at Fort Necessity in the middle of the Pennsylvania wilderness.
Some even believe that Washington's surrender to French terms at his Fort Necessity in 1754 could have started the Seven Years' War, or, as it was called in North America, the "French and Indian War.
IF FORT NECESSITY National Battlefield in southwestern Pennsylvania followed the letter of the law, visitors would read a sign in the Great Meadows admitting that nothing happened there in 1757.