foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rick Scott aims to change those circumstances by easing restrictions to afford foster children an opportunity for a more "normal" childhood.
The committee substitute to House Bill 915 increases accountability and awareness for those making medical decisions on the behalf of foster children," said Sen.
Under their leadership and direction, we look forward to another successful year of providing local children in foster care with tutoring, after-school programs and enrichment activities that nurture their talents and passions,” said Jennifer Weidenbruch Executive Director for Friends of Foster Children.
Anyone watching foster children in the pool should know how to swim.
It also provides a step by step guide mapping out what foster parents and case managers can do to provide foster children with the educational opportunities they deserve.
Doyle said every family has issues, and that foster children - who in many cases come from troubled backgrounds - have added issues that can be challenging for family members.
LOUIS (AP) -- Some Missouri foster children could receive free tuition to public colleges and universities.
But when it comes to reuniting runaway foster children and their families, the DCFS has done some fine work.
Compared to their peers, foster children have lower scores on standardized tests and higher absenteeism, tardiness, truancy, and dropout rates.
the Congressional Foster Youth Internship Program gives foster children the opportunity to be interns on Capitol Hill.
As eager prospective parents, the Southern California couple became licensed to foster children with an eye toward adopting.
CCAI is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to raising congressional and public awareness about foster children in this country and the millions of orphans around the world in need of permanent, safe, and loving homes.