foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lin said her most impressive memory of the foster family was that her foster father was really good at baking cakes and her foster mother would make lemon fig jelly with crashed ice and gave her a bowl after school.
An hour later, when I finally got through to the foster father, he sounded calmer.
Earlier, her foster father told the inquest Sarah had been living with them since the October.
Frank, however, spends a good deal of time focusing on the character of Daniel, the surviving twin and now foster father, who is overwhelmed with grief.
Among the competitors was visually impaired runner James Hughes, aged 41, who was guided throughout the week by his 76-year-old foster father John Courtney.
Boy (his cruel foster father gave him no other name) escapes to freedom with his only friends--Sheep, Cow, and Horse--in search of a better life.
The Catholic Church marks today the Solemnity of Saint Joseph (San Jose), the husband of the Blessed Mother, the foster father of Jesus, and the head of the Holy Family.
Knowing that my foster father would have my back for me always - even when things weren't going great - that was something I had never experienced before.
Over the next months, my foster father (he's actually pretty nice; just kind or a "play by the rules" guy) helped me fix up the stable at our ranch.
Kiyotaka Oyama, 51, was convicted of killing his wife, who was Oyama's mother, and his foster father, and is currently waiting to be executed at the Hiroshima Detention House after his death sentence was finalized in June 2011.
This leads Daisy into danger, from which she is rescued by Matt and Mason her foster father.