foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under his direction, officials have begun a radical culture change and an unprecedented push to return to their families many children who have spent years shuffling through foster homes.
We urgently need more foster homes to help the dogs make the transition from racing kennels to living in a domestic environment.
Caregivers stated that they control the flow of information to social workers, keeping them apprised of what goes on in the foster homes.
When foster homes were not available, the CCCWB--like the CHS and the Juvenile Court--placed white children in orphanages--without charge because the orphanages received community fund monies.
She said there were about 15 foster homes for cats and kittens (including one for feral cats) which cared for just under 100 animals.
Anne Whitt Thompson of Gaithersburg, Maryland, wrote a letter to The New York Times in 1987 stating in part, "I lived in two orphanages and three foster homes growing up in North Carolina, and I can say nothing but good about my life in orphanages.
In fact, the decline in foster homes is actually understated because a substantial number of homes within the greater New Orleans area are considered uninhabitable due to storm damage even though they previously were classified in the state's information system as open or active.
Caerphilly-based animal charity Hope Rescue then put out an urgent appeal for experienced foster homes who would be willing to take on the daunting task of handrearing the pups.
They are all waiting for a stable, loving foster home.
Without enough stable foster homes, children in care risk being moved around or not being placed in the family that is best for them, with siblings often being split up.
Suitable foster homes (subject to meeting criteria) are a much valued resource and can provide short term sanctuary when all space at the rescue is fully occupied.
What triggered the crisis is an increased number of abandoned or surrendered animals combined with a reduction in the available number of volunteers foster homes as many people have been away for summer.