Creative Commons

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Creative Commons

An organization that has defined an alternative to copyrights by filling in the gap between full copyright, in which no use is permitted without permission, and public domain, where permission is not required at all. Creative Commons' licenses let people copy and distribute the work under specific conditions, and general descriptions, legal clauses and HTML tags for search engines are provided for several license options.

Founded in 2001 by James Boyle, Michael Carroll, Lawrence Lessig, Hal Abelson, Eric Saltzman and Eric Eldred, Creative Commons was started at Harvard Law School and later moved to Stanford Law School. For more information, visit www.creativecommons.org.

Non-Commercial Use
One of the primary uses of a Creative Commons license is to allow people to copy the material as long as it is not made a part of any commercial venture.

Shorter Duration
Creative Commons also offers a Founder's Copyright for those who prefer a full copyright for a shorter period than 70 years after their death (see copyright). Authors sell their rights to Creative Commons for USD $1, which grants full rights back to them for either 14 or 28 years, the duration of copyrights in the first copyright law in the U.S. in 1790. At the end of the period, Creative Commons places the work in the public domain. See copyright and trademarks.
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Finally, one modern proponent of founders' copyright has also argued that the founders' and framers' swift and successful efforts to enact the 1790 act prove only that US copyrights thus became mere federal statutory privileges with no basis in the state statutes and common laws that protect most other private property rights--mere "statutory privilege[s] to violate common-law rights.
Our Founders' copyright term was a 14-year term with a 14-year extension.
Called the Founders' Copyright, this license has been signed by O'Reilly & Associates, a publisher of computer and online titles.