Fra Angelico


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Related to Fra Angelico: Leonardo da Vinci

Angelico, Fra

(frä änjĕl`ĭkō), c.1400–1455, Florentine painter, b. Vicchio, Tuscany. He was variously named Guido (his baptismal name), or Guidolino, di Pietro; and Giovanni da Fiesole. After his death he was called Il Beato Fra Giovanni Angelico, although he was not officially beatified until 1982, by Pope John Paul II. Angelico's style is remarkable for its purity of line and color and its spiritual expressiveness. He took his vows c.1425 in the Dominican order. The first painting of certain date by Angelico is his 1433 Madonna of the Linen Guild (St. Mark's convent, Florence). It is supposed that his activity began at least 10 years earlier, and that he first painted small pictures, such as St. Jerome Penitent (Princeton) and miniatures. Other works suggested for this period (1423–33) are Virgin and Child Enthroned with Twelve Angels (Staedel Inst., Frankfurt); Virgin and Child with Angels (National Gall., London); Madonna of the Star and Naming of the Baptist (both: St. Mark's convent). It is thought that Angelico was first influenced by Gentile da FabrianoGentile da Fabriano
, c.1370–1427, Italian painter, one of the outstanding exponents of the elegant international Gothic style. In 1409 he worked in the Doge's Palace, Venice, painting historical frescoes that subsequently perished.
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, and that he soon adopted MasaccioMasaccio
, 1401–1428?, Italian painter. He is the foremost Italian painter of the Florentine Renaissance in the early 15th cent. Masaccio's original name was Tommaso Guidi. He was enrolled in the guild of St. Luke in 1424.
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's advances in spatial conception.

Scholars have assigned to the 1430s such works as the Annunciation (Cortona); Coronation of the Virgin (Louvre); Deposition and Last Judgment (both: St. Mark's convent). In 1436, under the protection of Cosimo de' Medici, the Dominicans of Fiesole moved to St. Mark's convent in Florence. Fra Angelico supervised the fresco decoration of the building. Among the works considered to be by his hand are the Crucifixion with St. Dominic (cloisters) and the great Crucifixion (chapter house). In the convent also are frescoed Noli mi Tangere, Annunciation, Transfiguration, Mocking of Christ, Presentation in the Temple, Virgin and Child with Saints, and others. In 1445 he was summoned to Rome by Pope Eugenius IV to decorate the Cappella del Sacramento in the Vatican. In 1447 he visited Orvieto, where, assisted by his pupil Benozzo GozzoliGozzoli, Benozzo
, 1420–97, Florentine painter, whose real name was Benozzo di Lese. He was apprenticed to Fra Angelico, first in Florence and later in Rome. Becoming independent in 1449, he chose to stay in Montefalco for a few years.
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, he painted Christ as Judge and the Prophets in the Cappella Nuova of the cathedral. Returning to Rome, the following year he designed his greatest and most unified scenes—episodes from the lives of St. Stephen and St. Lawrence. However, the execution of this project was probably carried out mainly by pupils.

Fra Angelico treated none but religious subjects. Adapting the artistic innovations of his time, such as sculptural clarity of form and spatial depth, he interpreted them in terms of the greatest spirituality. Angelico endowed these new forms with his own incomparable sense of coloring and unity. In the United States he is represented by the Crucifixion (Fogg Mus., Cambridge); Assumption and Dormition of the Virgin (Gardner Mus., Boston); Temptation of St. Anthony Abbot (Mus. of Fine Arts, Houston, Tex.); and Crucifixion and Nativity (both: Metropolitan Mus.).

References in periodicals archive ?
As Fra Angelico did before him, Giuliani explores the theme of the Madonna and child in numerous paintings.
Yes, while the Carcano might not be a Fra Angelico panel or ' Puccini aria, in its own time and place it is still something of an Italian masterpiece.
Y sobre todo, el corazon de esa religion fue el revival de la pintura italiana antigua y la admiracion por los quattrocentistas desde Fra Angelico hasta Botticelli.
So Fra Angelico could paint a waterfall over her head, around her knees.
Schuon contributes both clarification and variety through her choice of illustrations, from recognizable works by a few well known artists like early Italian Renaissance painter Fra Angelico to less often seen early illuminations and more contemporary selections.
If what Kamps calls memorial silence ("silence in the face of loss") is "integral to the act of mourning," why not mention the sarcophagi of the medieval church, or the appearance of witnesses to the passion in Fra Angelico and Matthias Grunewald, whose altarpieces and wood paintings supplied models of mourning in the guise of silent, aggrieved faces?
No, la copia habia estado siempre alli, a los ojos de todo el equipo del museo, e incluso, por momentos, del mundo: esta Gioconda llego a estar colgada entre la Anunciacion de Fra Angelico y el Cristo muerto de Antonello da Messina, pero siempre se la tuvo como una copia sin mayor valor, salida del pincel de algun oscuro pintor flamenco al que le parecio apropiado sustituir el paisaje de Da Vinci (segun los expertos, el de las colinas piacentinas, donde Leonardo habria pasado una temporada trabajando en el cuadro) por el fondo negro que se penso tuvo desde el principio.
Kiely discusses Fra Angelico's San Marco Altarpiece--a work that made Ruskin want to prostrate himself in front of it; Ruskin was ecstatic about the pearls on Lawrence's breastplate in which he conflated the stance of the martyr himself, the purity of Fra Angelico, and the cascade of biblical references about pearls.
Su estatus se elevo y surgieron iluminadores que recreaban el mundo que los rodeaba como Simona Martin, Jan van Eyck, Fra Angelico y Tadeo Crivelli.
Together with Fra Angelico in 1447, he was commissioned by Pope Eugene IV to carry out the fresco decoration of a chapel in the Vatican.
The scene, in which Joseph and Mary lose track of Jesus, only to find their precocious preadolescent debating with the elders in the Temple, had been depicted over the course of Western art history by everyone from Giotto to Fra Angelico to Rembrandt.
Fra Angelico to Leonardo: Italian Renaissance Drawings