Franc-Tireur


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Franc-Tireur

 

(literally, “free marksman”), one of the patriotic organizations of the French Resistance movement. Founded in late 1940 in Lyon by a group of left-wing intellectuals and office workers, the organization took its name from the resistance units that sprang up during the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71). The organization operated in southern France, mainly in Lyon, Limoges, and Clermont-Ferrand. It was mainly engaged in intelligence work and propaganda. Its central press organ was the newspaper Le Franc Tireur. In early 1943 the organization merged with Combat and Liberation-South to form the United Resistance Movement.

References in periodicals archive ?
The internal bulletin produced in the month before the conference contained a number of articles attempting to analyse the problems of the organization -- declining membership, ineffective activities, lack of support from Franc-Tireur and the confusion at the international peace rally.
This had led to a number of specific failures: La Gauche had been too ambitious and failed to mobilize the membership; the mass meetings had not related to the concerns of the membership and as a result had been abstract and even compromising, as when speakers at the peace rally defended NATO; because of the failure to recruit the leadership had engaged in vague and dubious political alliances; Franc-Tireur had failed to give support, particularly with regard to the Vietnam petition.
The initial enthusiasm for the RDR, the continuing mass attendances at its rallies, the readership of Franc-Tireur and Combat -- and even the determination of the PCF and the SFIO to crush the RDR before it could take off: all these facts suggest that there was a real base for an organization that was independent of Washington and Moscow.
156] Altman remained with Franc-Tireur till 1958 through financial decline and a drift to the right; at the time of his death in 1960 he was running the Gaullist Andre Malraux's press service.
La premiere assemblee generale du RDR', Franc-Tireur, 13 March 1948,3.
Report of press conference in Franc-Tireur, 11 March 1948, 3.
See M Fourrier, 'Mon exclusion', Franc-Tireur, 18-19 January 1948, 3.
Il faut gouverner au profit des travailleurs', Franc-Tireur, 3 March 1948, 3.
Altman, 'Leon Blum se trompe', Franc-Tireur, 29 February - 1 March 1948,3.
See reports in Franc-Tireur, 28 April 1948, 1-3,29 April 1948, 3.
Statement published in Franc-Tireur, 7 July 1948, 2.
Letter published in Franc-Tireur, 22 November 1948, 2.