Francesco Guicciardini


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Francesco Guicciardini
Birthday
BirthplaceFlorence, Republic of Florence
Died
Occupation
Historian, statesman

Guicciardini, Francesco

 

Born Mar. 6, 1483, in Florence; died May 22, 1540, in Arcetri. Italian historian, humanist philosopher, and statesman. From 1511 to 1514 ambassador of Florence in Spain and from 1516 to 1534 successively papal governor in Modena, Romagna, and Bologna.

In the History of Italy (written in 1537-40), Guicciardini presented the history not of the separate Italian states but of the entire country as a whole, and he advocated the national and state unification of Italy. The basic propellant of history he held to be the selfish motivations of individuals. Being an ideologist of the early bourgeoisie, he developed an ethical doctrine of advantage as the basis of mutual utility; believing in the necessity of adapting to circumstances, he considered the use of any means entirely admissible for the attainment of political ends, and he was guided by this principle in his actions. Guicciardini was a partisan of oligarchic-republican rule and an adversary of popular participation in government (Dialogue on the Governing of Florence, written in 1525). He argued for the comprehensive development of the individual, who, as he saw it, found himself surrounded by constant cyclical social change. He was an opponent of astrology; in his works he criticized monastic hypocrisy, the papacy, and the church and offered a scheme for replacing religion with mutual relations of neighborly advantage (Political and Civil Notes, written in 1525-29, carefully concealed by him, and published in 1576).

WORKS

Opere. Milan-Naples [1953].
Carteggi … , vols. 1-13. Milan, 1938-68.
In Russian translation:
Soch. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.

REFERENCES

Samarkin, V. V. “K voprosu o formirovanii politicheskikh vzgliadov F. Gvichchardini.” Vestnik Moscovskogo un-ta, 1960, no. 5, series 9, Iistoricheskie nauki.
Rutenburg, V. I. “Gvichchardini.” In the collection Ital’ianskoe Vozrozhdenie. [Leningrad] 1966.

V. I. RUTENBURG

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I was behind and fell farther behind after Peter went to Florence, met Conte Guicciardini and wrote Francesco Guicciardini (Boston: Twayne, 1976, 160 pp.
Celenza makes much of the comment of Machiavelli's friend and sparring partner, Francesco Guicciardini, that Machiavelli was contraria professions.
More space is given to his counterpart, the historian Francesco Guicciardini, who is seen mainly as a "spokesman" for the pro-Medici members of the office-holding class (130).
O primeiro volume inclui Herodoto, Tucidides, Polibio, Tito Livio, Tacito, Flavio Josefo, Lorenzo Valla, Francesco Guicciardini, Jean Bodin, Giambattista Vico, Johann G.
Y por "seco" entiendo al escritor clasico, como Francesco Guicciardini o Maquiavelo.
Sin embargo, un cambio tan profundo en el lenguaje no puede entenderse sin sumergirse y empaparse del pensamiento y la filosofia de autores como Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) y Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527).
63) It was Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540), historian and statesman, and also a practicing jurist, who defended the law from the charges of those who found the variety of legal opinions reprehensible with the emphatic assertion that "general rules cannot possibly comprehend all particular cases.
Outstanding here however is a superb table with the arms of Francesco Guicciardini and his wife, Maria Salviati, made by Fra Damiano da Bergamo in Bologna when Guicciardini was Governor of the city between 1530 and 1534 (Fig.
Francesco Guicciardini, Maxims and Reflections (Ricordi), translated by Mario Domandi (Philadelphia, 1965), 44.
As the main sixteenth-century models demonstrated, that is, the Historiarum sui temporis by Paolo Giovio (Florence, 1550, 1552), and the Storia d'ltalia by Francesco Guicciardini (Florence 1561, 1564), such forms of history became as well known as they were controversial.
Price Zimmermann interprets the accounts of Clement VII by Francesco Guicciardini and Paolo Giovio; Barbara McClung Hallman argues for the success of Clement's pontificate, namely the advancement of his family interest; Natalie Tomas focuses on Lucrezia Medici-Salviati (Clement's cousin) and her daughter Maria Salviati-Medici (mother of the later Duke Cosimo); and Patricia J.
However, a few contributors look beyond the hexagon to address, for instance, the Florentine historian Francesco Guicciardini (Bruno Meniel) and the lesser-known, but entirely fascinating, genealogist and forger from Umbria, Alfonso Ceccarelli (Isabelle Heullant-Donat).