Francesco Redi

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Redi, Francesco


Born Feb. 18, 1626, in Arezzo; died Mar. 1, 1698, in Pisa. Italian naturalist and physician.

Redi’s principal works were on the generation of organisms and the biology of parasites that host on man and animals. In Experiments on the Generation of Insects (1668) Redi experimentally disproved the widely accepted theory of the spontaneous generation of organisms by proving that fly larvae develop only from the eggs deposited by flies. In another work (1684) he described the form and structure of various parasites (mainly tape- and roundworms) that inhabit the intestines of man and animals; he also described the reproductive organs of female and male ascarids in order to show that ascarids reproduce sexually. Redi was unable to discover the existence of eggs for some parasites and erroneously believed that such parasites formed from the “creative fluids” of the host organism.

References in periodicals archive ?
Famous people such as Galileo Galilei, Francesco Redi (the founder of experimental biology), Federico Cesi (the founder of the Lincei Academy) were all academic.
They describe role of the ideas of Aristotle, the scientific method of Francesco Redi, the transformation of science during the Enlightenment, Robert Hooke's Micrographia, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek's microscope, the ideas of Voltaire and Buffon, Darwin's The Origin of Species, germ theory of disease vs.
In 1668, however, the Italian physician Francesco Redi (1626-1697) decided to test the matter experimentally.
Questa riproposta commentata del famoso ditirambo di Francesco Redi sui vini toscani interessera non solo gli studiosi del Seicento ma anche chiunque si occupi di rapporti tra arte e scienza e di letteratura comica italiana.
between the poesia giocosa of the seventeenth century and Manzoni's novel" (31), che Pierce esemplifica con una lettura parallela del ditirambo bacchico di Francesco Redi e le scene di ubriacatura ne I promessi sposi, lascia perplessi.