Francis Beaumont


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Beaumont, Francis

(bō`mŏnt), 1584?–1616, English dramatist. Born of a distinguished family, he studied at Oxford and the Inner Temple. His literary reputation is linked with that of John FletcherFletcher, John,
1579–1625, English dramatist, b. Rye, Sussex, educated at Cambridge. A member of a prominent literary family, he began writing for the stage about 1606, first with Francis Beaumont, with whom his name is inseparably linked, later with Massinger and others.
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, with whom he began collaborating about 1606. Their plays are noted for plot symmetry, refined taste, and provocative sexual situations. The plays usually ascribed to him as sole author are The Woman Hater (published 1607), the burlesque Knight of the Burning Pestle (c.1607), Philaster (c.1609), and The Maid's Tragedy (c.1610). After his marriage in 1613 he retired to his estate in Kent and ceased writing for the stage.

Bibliography

See biography by L. Bliss (1987); studies by G. C. Campbell (1972) and M. Baldwin (1974).

Beaumont, Francis

 

Born circa 1584, in Grace Dieu; died Mar. 6, 1616, in London. British playwright.

The son of a gentry judge, Beaumont studied in law school. The majority of his plays were written in collaboration with J. Fletcher. Their creative work bears the imprint of the spiritual crisis experienced by humanists when they became convinced that their ideals could not be realized. In their comedy The Knight of the Burning Pestle (c. 1607, Russian translation 1959), certain characters and situations of the English theater of that time are ridiculed. Beaumont is the author of the comedy The Woman Hater (1607), and the play The Masque of the Gentlemen of Gray’s Inn and the Inner Temple (1613), dedicated to F. Bacon. The dramas of 1619–21, A King and No King, The Maid’s Tragedy, and Thierry and Theodoret, were written in the spirit of the “bloody tragedy” prevalent at that time. The play Philaster (1620) was written in the tragicomic genre.

WORKS

Works, vol. 1–10. Cambridge, 1905–12.
In Russian translation:
“Filastr.” In the collection Sovremenniki Shekspira, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, issue 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Appleton, W. W. Beaumont and Fletcher: A Critical Study. London [1956].
Fletcher, J. Beaumont and Fletcher. [London, 1967.] (Contains a bibliography. Pages 50–60.)
References in periodicals archive ?
See Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, "The Variant Sections of Ql," in Gurr, ed.
Francis Beaumont does not appear to have been preyed upon by city usurers.
7) Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, The Woman Hater (London, 1607; STC: 1692), A2r; Tiffany Stern, 'Sermons, Plays and Note-Takers: Hamlet Q1 as a "Noted" Text', Peter Holland (ed.
It is also the unfamiliar story of Francis Beaumont.
1) Music is so powerful in the drama of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher that it becomes the direct onstage cause of an attempted murder and suicide, a marriage proposal to a whore, and an attempted gang rape(2)--as well as numerous more subtle changes in the plays' actions.
The book's longest chapter, "Reproducing Works," studies the prefatory matter to the 1647 folio of Comedies and Tragedies Written by Francis Beaumont And Iohn Fletcher, Gentlemen.
Field also wrote two comedies, A Woman Is a Weathercock (1612) and Amends for Ladies (1618), and he collaborated with Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher and with Philip Massinger on other plays.
Ford collaborated with Thomas Dekker on The Sun's Darling (1624), perhaps also on The Welsh Ambassador (1623), and on three other plays, now lost, of about the same date; he also may have contributed to Thomas Middleton's and William Rowley's Spanish Gypsy (1623), John Fletcher's Fair Maid of the Inn (1626), and other plays of Francis Beaumont and Fletcher.
The third son of a justice of the common pleas, a member of an old distinguished Leicestershire family, and a matriculant of Broadgate Hall, Oxford, Francis Beaumont (ca 1584-1616) became a member of the Inner Temple (where his two brothers also resided) on 3 November 1600 around the age of sixteen, apparently because his father arranged for his admission.
Comedy was best represented by the acid satire of Ben Jonson and by the varied works of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher.
In 1647, Moseley published Comedies and Tragedies Written by Francis Beaumont and Iohn Fletcher and, in 'the stationer to the readers', made brief reference to the age of the playwright at his death: 'Mr.
The early tragedies Appius and Virginia by John Webster and The Tragedy of Tancred and Gismund by Robert Wilmot were taken from Painter's book, and it was also the source for William Shakespeare's Timon of Athens and All's Well That Ends Well (and probably for details in Romeo and Juliet and The Rape of Lucrece ), for Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher's Triumph of Death, and for James Shirley's Loves Crueltie .