Francisco de Zurbarán

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Zurbarán, Francisco de

 

Baptized Nov. 7, 1598, in Fuente de Cantos, Badajoz; died Aug. 27, 1664, in Madrid. Spanish painter.

Zurbarán studied in Sevilla with P. D. de Villanueva (from 1614) and, possibly, with F. Pacheco. He lived and worked in Llerena (Badajoz) from 1617 to 1628, at which time he settled in Sevilla.

Zurbarán’s most characteristic paintings are devoted to themes from the lives of saints and monasticism (for example, St. Bonaventura Praying Before the Election of Pope Gregory X, 1629, Dresden Picture Gallery). His early works show the strong influence of Caravaggio (for example, the retablo of St. Peter’s chapel in the Sevilla Cathedral, 1625). Works from Zurbarán’s most prolific period, from 1630 through the 1640’s, are marked by austere and simple monumental images that are dramatically intense yet nobly restrained in emotion. Beginning in the 1650’s elements of emotional excitation of an ecstatic or more lyrical tone appeared in the artist’s paintings (for example, The Crucifixion, early 1660’s, Hermitage, Leningrad). Zurbarán also painted mythological scenes, portraits, and still lifes.

REFERENCES

Malitskaia, K. M. Fransisko Surbaran: 1598–1664. Moscow, 1963.
Guinard, P. Zurbarán et les peintres espagnols de la vie monastique. Paris, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fears had been growing that the 12 paintings by 17th-Century Spanish artist Francisco Zurbaran hanging in Auckland Castle, Durham, would be lost to the region.
Did something along these lines go through the mind of the investment fund manager, Jonathan Ruffer, when he decided to donate PS15m to save the set of paintings by the 17th Century Spanish master Francisco Zurbaran that hang in Auckland Castle?
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Endlessly Bravo began to quote details and borrow settings and compositional devices gleaned from many periods, but particularly from works by masters of the Golden Age in Spanish painting, Diego Velazquez, Fray Juan Sanchez Cot, in, Francisco Zurbaran, and Antonio de Pereda, among others, became great favorites.