Frankfurt an der Oder

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Frankfurt an der Oder

(frängk`fo͝ort än dĕr ō`dər), city (1994 pop. 83,850), Brandenburg, E Germany, a port on the Oder River, at the Polish border. It is an industrial center, agricultural market, and rail junction. Manufactures include textiles, machinery, foodstuffs, shoes, and furniture. Lignite is mined nearby. Frankfurt was chartered in 1253. It joined the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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 in the 14th cent. and became an important commercial center. Frankfurt was frequently besieged, notably in 1631 (during the Thirty Years War), when it was stormed and sacked by the Swedes under Gustavus II. The university founded there in 1506 was transferred to Breslau (now Wrocław) in 1811. The city was severely damaged in World War II. The suburb of Damm-Vorstadt, now Słubice, on the east bank of the Oder, was placed under Polish administration in 1945. The dramatist and poet Heinrich von Kleist was born (1777) in Frankfurt.

Frankfurt an der Oder

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic and a port on the Oder River. Capital of Frankfurt District. Population, 70,800 (1974).

Frankfurt an der Oder is a railroad junction and is connected by highway with Berlin. It is a commercial center, and a considerable percentage of the country’s trade with Poland and the USSR passes through the city. In addition to factories that produce semiconductors and lightweight structural members, the city has plants of the cotton, metalworking, wood-products, and foodprocessing industries. Frankfurt an der Oder became a city in 1253 and since the 14th century has been an important center for trade with Eastern Europe.