Franz Marc


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Marc, Franz

 

Born Feb. 8, 1880, in Munich; killed Mar. 4, 1916, at Verdun. German painter.

Marc studied at the Munich Art Academy in 1900-02 under G. Hackl and W. von Diez. In 1903, 1907, and 1912 he visited Paris. He was influenced consecutively by modernism, cubism, and futurism. In cooperation with W. Kandinsky and A. Macke he organized the Blue Rider artists association in 1911; in 1912-14 he was one of the leaders of early expressionism. The main theme of Marc’s painting, to which he attributed a mystical symbolic meaning, was the depiction of animals in their natural setting. His ecstatic images, dynamic in form and with sharply outlined drawing and a tense color scheme (several basic colors), reflected a spontaneous rejection of contemporary reality and a presentiment of social upheavals (The Tower of Blue Horses and The Fate of Animals, 1913, Public Art Collection, Basel). Continuing further in his distortion of nature, Marc displayed an affinity for abstract art (Fighting Forms, 1914, Municipal Gallery, Munich). During the period of fascism Marc’s works were removed from museums.

WORKS

Iz statei 1911-1914 godov. [Preface by B. A. Zernova.] In Mastera iskusstva ob iskusstve, vol. 5, book 2. Moscow, 1969.
DerBlaue Reiter. Published by W. Kandinsky. Munich, 1912; 2nd ed. Munich, 1914.
Briefe, Aufzeichnungen und Aphorismen, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1920.

REFERENCES

Lankheit, K. Franz Marc. … Cologne, 1960.
Schardt, A. Franz Marc, Berlin, 1936. (New edition, Berlin, 1963.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Led by Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, the informal Der Blaue Reiter group developed a vocabulary of abstract forms and prismatic colours as a means for conveying spiritual values.
Contract award: 41-163649: packaging and art transports the exhibition "august macke and franz marc - an artists friendship".
Next, students began sketching their chameleons on white paper, as we talked about how they could create emphasis and impact in their pictures by drawing the reptiles large, as Franz Marc had done with his horses.
The collection uncovered included many of the masters of the 20th century, among them Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Marc Chagall, Emil Nolde, Franz Marc, Max Beckmann and Max Liebermann.
The magazine printed an image of a painting of horses by German expressionist Franz Marc which it said came from the collection.
Featuring paintings, sculpture and works on paper from the Detroit Institute of Arts' distinguished collection of German Expressionist art, the exhibition explores the full breadth of this artistic movement from 1905 to 1950 and includes works by Max Beckmann, Wassily Kandinsky, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Kathe Kollwitz, Franz Marc and other major masters.
In 1910 an exhibition at the Haus der Kunst, Munich received thousands of visitors and had an inspirational impact on numerous artists, including Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, among others.
Summary: The Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale will take place at Christie's on 23 June and will offer 46 works of art, including exceptional museum-quality masterpieces by Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Franz Marc, Joan Miro, Camille Pissarro and Marcel Duchamp.
Now this is being joined by the Swiss private collection of Eva and Mathias Forberg, with around 50 paintings, drawings and graphics by Paul Klee and his contemporaries Kandinsky, Franz Marc, Lyonel Feininger and many more.
Incidentally, however, I must dispute her statement that painter Franz Marc, creator of "The Wolves (Balkan War)," which she adduces as a modern parallel, "was certainly not in favour of war" (p.
Originally published in Munich in 1912, and now available in English, The Blaue Reiter Almanac is a valuable scrutiny of the Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) art movement, which was founded in 1911 by painters Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc and remained active in Europe until 1914.