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yellow-brown pigmented spots in man, varying in size from the head of a pin to a lentil, symmetrically disposed on open areas of the body. Freckles appear under the influence of the sun (usually in the spring) and sometimes from the effect of X rays and Bucky’s rays, radioactive factors, and chemical irritants. Freckles appear most often in persons with delicate white skin and fair or red hair and only rarely in brown-haired or brunette persons with dark complexions. Freckles usually appear at age 4-5 and may disappear after age 40. The formation of freckles is caused by localized increases in content of the pigment melanin in the surface layers of the skin, which is conditioned by disturbances of pigment formation arising out of disruption of the tonus of the autonomic nervous system and endocrine disturbances. Formation of freckles is often conditioned by hereditary predisposition.

Prophylaxis consists in autumn and winter in taking vitamin B complex and vitamin C internally; in spring and summer, in protecting freckled areas from the sun’s rays (wide-brimmed hats, parasols, and protective creams). Freckles are removed by peeling the surface layers of the skin by means of various ointments and alcohol solutions (on a doctor’s prescription); creams with hydroquinone and “Achromin” are recommended.


Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po dermatovenerologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1964. Page 371.
Spravochnik po kosmetike. Edited by M. A. Rozentul. Moscow, 1964.
Astvatsaturov, K. R., and I. I. Kol’gunenko. Kosmetika dlia vsekh. Moscow, 1965.



References in classic literature ?
Freckles do not disgust me so very much as they do him.
I don't mind the other things so much--the freckles and the green eyes and my skinniness.
Agnes was a sight for freckles, so Aunt Olivia says.
As for dimples, they appeared in cheeks and chins, wherever they might be most charming, and one or two heads had freckles upon the faces to contrast the better with the brilliancy of their complexions.
Charlotta the Fourth had discarded the blue bows but her freckles were not noticeably less.
Murphy--two hundred pounds in tears and hysterics, clutching the air and howling to the sky for the loss of thirty pounds of freckles and mischief.
His short-cropped hair might have been a mere continuation of the sandy freckles on his forehead and face.
The person who wanted him was in the kitchen, and in the first moments, by the imperfect fire and candle light, Tom had not even an indefinite sense of any acquaintance with the rather broad-set but active figure, perhaps two years older than himself, that looked at him with a pair of blue eyes set in a disc of freckles, and pulled some curly red locks with a strong intention of respect.
Tom Freckle, the smith's son, was the next victim to her rage.
The more moles you have and the more freckles you have, the more skin damage you are likely to have," Cancer Council public health committee chair Craig Sinclair said.
David says: "You're not covering your freckles but blurring the distance between them and your underlying skin tone, so you just look sunkissed and glowy.
He advises ditching foundation for a luminising BB or CC cream to airbrush the skin's overall tone while still allowing freckles to show through.