Church, Frederick Edwin

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Church, Frederick Edwin,

1826–1900, American landscape painter of the Hudson River schoolHudson River school,
group of American landscape painters, working from 1825 to 1875. The 19th-century romantic movements of England, Germany, and France were introduced to the United States by such writers as Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper.
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, b. Hartford, Conn., studied with Thomas Cole at Catskill, N.Y. He traveled and painted in North and South America and in Europe and excelled in panoramic scenes. He painted exotic and foreign landscapes as well as the native scenery favored by other members of the school. His large canvases are noted for the accuracy and clarity of the scenery portrayed, and for a crystalline rendering of light that links him to luminismluminism
, American art movement of the 19th cent. Luminism was an outgrowth of the Hudson River school. In its concern for capturing the effects of light and atmosphere it is sometimes linked to impressionism. Its practitioners included Frederick E.
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. Notable works include Niagara (1857; Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.) and Heart of the Andes (1859; Metropolitan Mus., New York City).


See studies by G. L. Carr (1981) and F. Kelly (1989).

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Cole's only pupil and successor, Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900), sketched prolifically in the area and purchased a plot of land on a high eminence across the river from Cedar Grove in 1860.
The exhibition proposes significant new readings of many familiar masterworks--some 60 paintings and 18 photographs created between 1852-77--including landscapes by Frederic Edwin Church and Sanford Robinson Gifford, paintings of life on the battle front and the home front by Winslow Homer and Eastman Johnson, and photographs by Timothy O'Sullivan and George N.
O'Brien uses this pastoral setting as evocatively as 19th-century painters like Frederic Edwin Church did.
Led by artist Frederic Edwin Church, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted and architect Henry Hobson Richardson, Free Niagara saved the falls from being almost exclusively used for industrial and commercial purposes.
Another important figure of the School was Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) who spent a great deal of his creative life in the Andes of Ecuador and other parts of Latin America.
The polar exhibition, which runs through March 1, focuses on the work of several famous artists who journeyed to the Arctic or Antarctic between the early 19th and mid-20th century, including Americans Frederic Edwin Church, William Bradford and Rockwell Kent, Canadian Lawren Harris, and several Europeans.
In an age when a photograph taken with a cell phone can instantly beam across the globe, it may be hard to imagine an unseen, yet to be discovered world, or to appreciate how a young, scientifically-minded American artist, Frederic Edwin Church, could reveal the grandeur of the nineteenth century Western hemisphere to a curious world.
Built by painter Frederic Edwin Church, the Persian-style estate is filled with his vast collections of decorative objects.
One early visitor, the American artist Frederic Edwin Church, wrote in his diary, "Here passed the Israelites and were turned back.
The proximate inspiration for the sublime vision of a world of massive ice and scarred rock was the art of the nineteenth-century American landscape painter, Frederic Edwin Church, whose works Brakhage had studied for more than a decade.
Yet save for Bierstadt's redemptive invocation of new hope at the end of the war, the exhibition charts a troubled movement away from the early, divinely-coded landscapes of Frederic Edwin Church and the socially symbolic, narrative slave scenes of Eastman Johnson, towards Winslow Homer's unsettling war reportage, Confederate artist Conrad Wise Chapman's uncanny, ultramodern war machines, and, of course, the deceptively transparent representations of the war's destruction that photographs by Mathew Brady and George N.
The exhibition of 51 paintings by 26 artists displays works by such talents as George Caleb Bingham, Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Eakins, William Stanley Haseltine, Martin Johnson Heade, Fitz Hugh Lane, John Marin, John F.