Free Democratic Party


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Free Democratic Party

 

(Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP), a liberal-bourgeois party, founded in 1948, in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

The FDP reflects the interests of liberal circles in the big bourgeoisie, of small and medium businessmen, office workers, government officials, well-to-do peasants, and artisans. It was active in the establishment of the FRG, and its leader, T. Heuss, was the first president of the FRG, serving in that capacity from 1949 to 1959. The FDP has often entered government coalitions with the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union. It was in opposition in the periods 1956–61 and 1966–69.

Since 1969 the FDP has been a coalition partner of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). It holds four ministerial posts, including that of minister of foreign affairs, in the federal government. Since 1969 it has also held the position of deputy chancellor—W. Scheel was deputy chancellor from 1969 to 1974, and H.-D. Genscher has been deputy chancellor since 1974.

The FDP, together with the SDP, has taken steps toward detente in Europe; it has moved toward better relations with the USSR and other socialist countries, helping to conclude treaties, over the period 1970–73, between the FRG, on the one hand, and the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and the German Democratic Republic, on the other. In 1974, Scheel, who was party chairman from 1968 to 1974, was elected president of the FRG. The FDP has 70,000 members (August 1974). H.-D. Genscher has been party chairman since October 1974.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Christian Democratic Union, the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, and the Free Democratic Party were able to form a center-right government, with Angela Merkel continuing as the Chancellor and Guido Westerwelle becoming Foreign Minister and Vice-Chancellor.
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While he makes some minor errors--the Free Democratic Party, not the Christian Democrats in West Germany were initially the representatives of "hardy individualism' and "free enterprise' (p.
On Sunday, the pro-business Free Democratic Party, said there was little prospect of reaching an agenda for government with the Greens and the Bavarian sister party of the CDU, the Christian Social Union (CSU).
The delegation was headed by Bijan Djir-Sarai, an Iranian-born member of the German center-right Free Democratic Party (FDP).
However, the Free Democratic Party (FDP) remained below the 5 percent election threshold; it is no longer a partner that could be considered in the formation of government.
The CSU, the sister party of Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats, was tipped to take about 49 per cent of the vote, bouncing back from a slump five years ago that forced it to take the pro-business Free Democratic Party (FDP) as a coalition partner.
You can't do that as a chancellor candidate," said Germany's economics minister, Philipp Rosler of the Free Democratic Party.
Merkel's Christian Democrats (CDU) and Horst Seehofer's Christian Social Union (CSU) would win 40%, the poll said, and their partners, the Free Democratic Party (FDP) would get 5%, putting the current governing parties slightly ahead.
But, according to a parliament source, the German Free Democratic Party (FDP) is likely to lose credibility when the time comes to make a decision, in other words after the German legislative elections, which are not putting Angela Merkel's coalition partner in good stead.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned Cyprus against "exhausting the patience of eurozone partners," at a meeting Friday with the parliamentary group of her junior Free Democratic Party coalition partners, participants told AFP.
Notching up a success in the vote was Merkel s pro-business coalition partners at federal level, the Free Democratic Party (FDP), which confirmed a reversal of its fortunes, after a string of humiliating defeats.