free rider

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free rider

a person who gains from a collectively provided benefit without bearing any of the costs of gaining this. In a seminal text, M. Olson, The Logic of Collective Action (1965) employs the prisoner's dilemma game (see THEORY OF GAMES) to indicate that, where the group is large and any benefits of COLLECTIVE ACTION cannot be withheld from non-participants in the action, it will be rational’ for individuals to free ride.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gears Up For The Worlds Biggest Oil Trade We will not bear the burden for free riders this time, Saudi Oil Minister Khalid told reporters in Houston last month.
gov and the state-based exchange programs have been trying to bring the hammer down on free riders lately, and the S&P analysts expect to see the hammer keep hammering.
Detroit Board of Education, the court found merit in the argument that workers receiving union benefits without paying union dues would be free riders.
The answer seems to be: only if there are no free riders when it comes to financing the (admittedly rare) public goods.
We are not free riders Mr President", Prince Turki told ObamaIn response Prince Turki bin Faisal al Saud (left), former Ambassador to the USA wrote a scathing article in the Asharq Al-awsat this week slamming Obama's accusations--"We are not "free riders Mr.
The second, nonrivalry in consumption, states that even if it were possible to exclude free riders, it would not be efficient to do so since the marginal cost of an additional user would be zero.
It's human nature to punish free riders who abuse shared public goods, such as drivers who park in express lanes during rush hour.
The study also predicts that if collaborative abilities do not evolve, only a small fraction of the general population cooperates for public good while the rest become free riders.
They are free riders, and they've been free riders for the last 30 years, and it's worked really well for them," Obama said.
It is often claimed that since in the case of common goods the social gains, including the gains of free riders, outweigh the private gains of the producers, the incentive to produce them by private, profit-driven entrepreneurs is significantly undermined.
The return on the capital employed in the Indian telecom industry is not great, therefore we can't afford free riders.
I consulted a business professor who said, "The ground rules for dealing with free riders are sometimes explicitly laid out--for example, the free rider may be fired by an appropriate majority/supermajority of group members.