Free Soilers


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Free Soilers

 

members of a mass, radical democratic party in the USA during the 1840’s and 1850’s. The Free Soil Party, formed in 1848, enjoyed the support of labor organizations, craftsmen, and radical strata of the bourgeoisie and intelligentsia. The Free Soilers advocated free distribution of land from the public domain to homesteaders and the prohibition of land sales to capitalist companies; they opposed the spread of slavery to the new territories. They took part in the armed struggle against slaveholding in Kansas during the period 1854–56. After the creation of the Republican Party in 1854, the Free Soilers became part of the party’s left, radical democratic wing.

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When the Free Soilers successfully obtained the balance of power in the 1848 election for the state legislature, Chase struck a deal with the Democrats whereby they would agree to abolish the black codes that imposed legal discrimination on Ohio's free blacks, and they would vote to name Chase a U.
Such arguments had been aired in years past; the General Court had debated the ten-hour issue extensively in preceding sessions but bills were always defeated when enough Democrats and Free Soilers joined a united Whig opposition.
He carried guns and weapons to the Free Soilers who were emigrating to the Kansas Territory in the 1850s.
Racial Attitudes of the New York State Free Soilers," New York History 46( 1965):311 329.

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