Word Order

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Word Order

 

a multifunctional formal means used in sentence construction. In Russian and other synthetic languages, word order mainly provides the contextual links in a sentence and is a means for the actual division of a sentence. To this basic function of word order may be added others, including stylistic, expressive, rhythmic, and melodic. Word order has no distinctive role beyond actual division and acts as an accompanying element of syntatic relations (neutral word order). In English and other analytic languages, word order shapes the grammatical structure of a sentence and is fixed; word placement is determined by the role of the words in the sentence. Isolating languages use word order as the principal means of expressing relations between words. Grammatical word order differs from grammaticalized word order, in which the syntactic function of a word is determined by its position in a sentence; for example, in the Russian sentence Veslo zadeloplat’e (“The oar got caught in the dress”), the subject is identified by its initial position. Word order not usually possessing a grammatical function is sometimes known as free word order.

I. N. KRUCHININA

References in periodicals archive ?
The more-or-less free word order in Croatian sentences is another expected feature which should not cause so many problems to dependency-based annotation, but would surely present a computational problem to constituency-based parsers.
A certain portion of this text treads in uncharted territory as contributors explore the phenomenon of free word order within several languages and how to analyze it under minimalist assumptions.
He applies Halle and Marantz's Distributed Morphology, which derives both sentences and complex words by syntax and hence helps to describe languages with complex morphology and relatively free word orders such as Sanskrit, to explain the process that the subject of a locative absolute assigns gender and number to the participle and the participle assigns case to the subject.