Freedom of Association


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Freedom of Association

 

the right of working people to establish and to join trade unions; also, the freedom of action of the trade unions themselves. The chief meaning of freedom of association is to provide organizations of working people in the capitalist countries with the opportunity to defend the interests of workers and other exploited groups without interference by state authorities or employers’ associations.

Owing to the efforts of the USSR and the other socialist countries, as well as of workers’ organizations of all countries, freedom of association has been internationally recognized. It has been established in such UN documents as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and a number of conventions of the International Labor Organization, including the Freedom of Association Convention and the Right to Organize, and the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention. These documents declare that working people have the right to establish their own organizations without preliminary approval, to elect their own representatives freely, and to formulate programs of action and create federations and confederations.

In actuality, the freedom of association of working people is often limited and violated in the capitalist countries. At the same time, the bourgeoisie attempts to use existing laws on freedom of association to strengthen the influence of employers’ associations, arguing that any guarantees won by workers’ organizations should automatically apply to employers’ associations as well. The demands of trade unions with respect to freedom of association were formulated in the Charter of the Rights of Trade Unions and Socioeconomic Demands of the Workers of the Capitalist Countries in the Current Phase, adopted at the Eighth World Congress of Trade Unions (October 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Within these countries, there is no indication that the freedom of association has had an impairment to the operations of their militaries--quite the reverse.
that strike action falls under the rubric of freedom of association.
65) The article in question is by Bernard Gernigon, Alberto Odero, and Horacio Guido--all very experienced current and former ILO lawyers who, inter alia, have been involved with servicing committees on the issues of freedom of association.
The result has been a notable reversal for freedom of association throughout much of the world.
In the cases that constitute the labour trilogy, the Justices of the Supreme Court inexplicably reasoned that freedom of association applied to protect individuals exercising their rights, but that it did not provide any substantive protection for the very activities which were necessarily meaningful to the exercise of the right.
Finally, I cover Hayek's views on coercive unionism and the rule of law as it relates to freedom of association, freedom of contract, and strikes and picketing.
Freedom of assembly has also been interpreted to protect the freedom of association, which is why private clubs and organizations are not covered by civil rights laws and can exclude whomever they like.
If freedom of association means anything, a group of Christian students should be able to reject gays or to relegate women to subordinate roles.
Tat Shing Rubber Manufacturing Company, in Shenzhen, near Hong Kong, was accused of 'forced labour' by taking financial deposits, poor health and safety provision, long hours, unpaid overtime and no right to freedom of association, in last month's audit.
A democracy also means citizens have basic rights, including peaceful protest, the right to gather and assemble and freedom of association.
The district court denied the officers' motion for injunctive relief, finding that their First Amendment right to freedom of association had not been violated, and that the directive under which the disciplinary actions were taken was not impermissibly overbroad.

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