French Second Empire style


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French Second Empire style

(1860–1875)
Called “mansard” for its characteristic roof, similar to the Louvre in Paris; its height was emphasized by elaborate chimneys, dormer windows, and circular windows protruding from the roof. In residences, frequently of wood, the style was asymmetrical and included porches and towers.

Second Empire style in the United States

Second Empire style
A grand, eclectic architectural style from about 1855 to 1890 and beyond, primarily in public buildings but also in domestic architecture; named after the French Second Empire of Napoleon III (1852–1870); frequently called Mansard style because it features a mansard roof usually having the profile of a compound curve. Buildings in this style usually are characterized by the following attributes: a central one-story pavilion projecting outward from a façade; classical pediments with elaborate heavy detailing and trim; often, a heavy cornice, typically supported by decorative brackets; commonly, a square tower located at the center of the façade; pedimented dormers; terneplate or multicolored slates forming decorative patterns covering the roof; a curb or railing around the roof, commonly enclosed with decorative metalwork cresting; windows having an upper sash divided in two parts by a vertical secondary framing member, over a similar lower sash; pedimented, bracketed, or hooded windows usually having square or arched heads; tall, almost floor-to-ceiling windows on the first floor; a pair of paneled entry doors having glass in the upper panels; frequently, arched doorways; usually, steps leading from the street up to the level of the doorway. Also called General Grant style or Second Empire Baroque.