French West Africa


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

French West Africa,

former federation of eight French overseas territories. The constituent territories were Dahomey (now Benin), French Guinea (now Guinea), French Sudan (now Mali), Côte d'Ivoire, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso). The federation was created in 1895 to consolidate the French holdings in W Africa and was definitively constituted in 1904. It was ruled by a governor-general, who resided first in Saint-LouisSaint-Louis
, city (1988 pop. 160,689), NW Senegal, a port at the mouth of the Senegal River. The terminus of a railroad from Dakar, it is a fishing, trade, and export center for peanuts, hides, and skins.
..... Click the link for more information.
, then in DakarDakar
, city (1988 pop. 672,991), capital of Senegal, W Senegal, on Cape Verde Peninsula, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Situated in a market-gardening region, Dakar is Senegal's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center.
..... Click the link for more information.
. During World War II the federation supported the Vichy government until Nov., 1942, when it accepted the authority of the Free French. In 1958 the constituent territories became autonomous republics in the French CommunityFrench Community,
established in 1958 by the constitution of the Fifth French Republic to replace the French Union. Its members consisted of the French Republic, which included metropolitan France (continental France, Corsica, Algeria and the Sahara), the overseas territories
..... Click the link for more information.
, except for Guinea, which became independent. The federation was dissolved in 1959.

French West Africa

 

a political and administrative association of French colonial possessions in West Africa that was created between 1895 and 1904 and existed until October 1958. In 1958 it included Senegal, Mauritania, the French Sudan, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Dahomey, and Niger. The colonies were administered from Dakar in Senegal.

Under pressure from the anti-imperialist movement, which gained momentum after World War II, the French government in 1958 granted the colonies the status of autonomous republics within French West Africa. At that time Guinea opted for independence. In 1960 independence was declared by the Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta, Niger, and Mauritania. Senegal and the Sudanese Republic (the former French Sudan) merged in April 1959 to form the Mali Federation, which declared its independence in June 1960. When Senegal seceded in August 1960 the Sudanese Republic was proclaimed the Republic of Mali.

French West Africa

a former group (1895--1958) of French Overseas Territories: consisted of Senegal, Mauritania, French Sudan, Burkina-Faso, Niger, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and Dahomey
References in periodicals archive ?
This work is the first comprehensive history of the Lebanese migrant communities of colonial French West Africa, a vast expanse that covered present-day Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, Guinea, Benin and Mauritania.
7N2120, "Note on the recruitment of Senegalese in French West Africa," 21 February 1918; Balesi, From Adversaries to comrades in Arms, 94.
Dakar, as the former capital of French West Africa, is also home to banks and other institutions which serve all of Francophone West Africa, and is a hub for shipping and transport in the region.
When World War II broke out, as part of the WAFF, units of the Gold Coast Regiment took part in the 1940 Allied invasions of Vichy-controlled French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa.
took a leading part and representatives of French West Africa were present.
In his chapter, Laurent Fouchard compares ways in which different colonial powers allocated urban space to migrants in Nigeria and French West Africa.
Yacouba Sylla was the leader of a branch of the Hamallists, a radical sufi community that formed within the tijaniya during the inter-war period in French West Africa.
Until the period following World War II, governmental affairs in French West Africa were administered from Paris.
Army Reserves for 7 1/2 years and was a basketball consultant, French West Africa, for the U.
Africans answered the call in large numbers; it has been estimated that some 120,000 men were mobilized from French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa.
Subjects up for debate will include US cotton and farm policies, the cotton market in China, French West Africa and Brazil, and predictions for world demand.
The ranks of the French army held more than 100,000 black soldiers whom the French had recruited and mobilized from the areas of Mauritania, Senegal, and Niger in French West Africa, placing them into either all-black or mixed-race regiments and then making them part of Colonial Infantry divisions.