Frequency, Electrical

Frequency, Electrical

 

the time parameter of a periodically (cyclically) varying electric current, expressed by the ratio of the number of complete cycles of current variation to unit of time; the quantity is the inverse of the period of current variation. It is measured in hertz (Hz). For a sinusoidal alternating current the concept of angular frequency is used, which is related to the electrical frequency by the formula ω = 2πf (where ω is the angular frequency and f is the electrical frequency).

In many countries of the world, including the USSR, the frequency of the current generated by electric power stations and commercially distributed to industry is 50 Hz; in the USA it is 60 Hz. Railroads in many countries use current with a frequency of 16⅔ Hz (for electric traction) as well as frequencies of 25 and 75 Hz (for automatic block signaling, for example, on track circuits). In aviation, the current used has a frequency of 400 Hz (for independent power-supply systems). In certain industrial and agricultural equipment the operating frequency is raised to 200–400 Hz.

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A section on common measurements covers measurements of flow, displacement, angle, temperature, time and frequency, electrical quantities, velocity and acceleration, and chemical properties.

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