Anna Freud

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Anna Freud
Birthday
BirthplaceVienna
Died
Known for Work on the nature of Ego

Freud, Anna

(froid), 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children. She received her training in Vienna before emigrating (1938) with her father to England, where she founded and directed a clinic for child therapy. In an influential 1937 work, she argued that the ego had an active role in resolving conflict and tension. Other psychoanalysts, including Heinz Hartmann and Erik EriksonErikson, Erik,
1902–94, American psychoanalyst, b. Germany. As a young man he traveled throughout Europe. He became a teacher in a Vienna private school and trained as a psychoanalyst (1927–33) under Anna Freud, specializing in child psychology.
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, advanced her ideas in their own work. Her writings include Normality and Pathology in Childhood (1965) and The Writings of Anna Freud (7 vol., 1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Young-Bruehl (1988) and R. Coles (1992); study by S. Stewart-Steinberg (2011).