Friedrich Bergius

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Bergius, Friedrich


Born Oct. 11, 1884, near Breslau; died Mar. 31, 1949, in Buenos Aires. German chemical engineer.

In 1913, Bergius invented a method of obtaining liquid motor fuels by saturating mixtures of pulverized carbon and coal-tar by-products of the manufacture of coke and generator gas with hydrogen under pressure higher then 20 meganewtons/m2 (200 kilograms-force/cm2) and at temperatures on the order of 500° C. This method found practical application when the I. G. Farbenindustrie acquired Bergius’ patent and used catalysts. Using Bergius’ method, fascist Germany obtained considerable quantities of gasoline during World War II. Bergius studied the possibility of obtaining food sugar by the hydrolysis of wood cellulose. He won the Nobel Prize (1931).

References in periodicals archive ?
The 'green coal' production process was first described in 1913 by the German chemist and Nobel laureate Friedrich Bergius, who used the stuff to make a synthetic fuel.
In "Coal in Your Car's Tank," an article in the June 9 issue of THE NEW AMERICAN, science writer Ed Hiserodt described a more ambitious (and cleaner) way to derive energy from coal, turning it into liquid fuel using the proven direct liquefaction process developed by Nobel Laureate Friedrich Bergius.
Friedrich Bergius performed initial research on the development of the process before and during World War I.
Evonik presented the Friedrich Bergius Lecture award to Professor Matthias Beller in Bonn in recognition of his outstanding research.
The Direct Liquefaction process developed by Nobel Laureate Friedrich Bergius in 1921 requires only one step where hydrogen is combined directly with pulverized coal under high pressure and temperature to produce various hydrocarbons depending on process variables.
Evonik Industries, one of the leading global specialty chemicals companies, has announced its first-ever Friedrich Bergius Lecture award.
In 1913, chemist Friedrich Bergius had invented a method of extracting liquid fuel from coal using a process that came to be called hydrogenation.

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