Friedrich Delitzsch

Delitzsch, Friedrich


Born Sept. 3, 1850, in Erlangen; died Dec. 19, 1922, at Langenschwalbach. German scholar; one of the founders of the Assyriological school in Germany.

Delitzsch pioneered the investigation of Kassite and Cappadocian (Old Assyrian) cuneiform documents; studied the Akkadian, Sumerian, and Hittite languages; and compiled dictionaries and grammars. An advocate of pan-Babylonianism, Delitzsch from 1902 to 1905 delivered the series of lectures “The Bible and Babylon” (Russian translation, 1906), in which he maintained that Biblical tradition had been decisively influenced by Babylonian tradition.


Die Sprache der Kossäer. Leipzig, 1884.
Assyrische Grammatik …, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1906.
Assyrische Lesestücke, 5th ed. Leipzig, 1912.
Grundzüge der sumerischen Grammatik. Leipzig, 1914.
Sumerisch-akkadisch-hettitische Vokabularfragmente. Berlin, 1914.
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Crusemann shows that while German excavations, including those of Assur and Babylon, were conceived by their backers primarily as means to acquire prestigious objects for the Prussian State Museums, early curator Friedrich Delitzsch (in service 1899-1918) had little interest in artifacts other than cuneiform tablets and--despite the popularizing character of some of his writings--none at all in displaying material under his care to the general public.
43), and of a very dour Friedrich Delitzsch in Babylon (p.
This handsome volume presents the texts of lectures (in German and English) delivered at a conference held in Berlin in May 1999 to celebrate the centenary of the appointment of Friedrich Delitzsch as director of the ancient Near Eastern section of the Prussian royal museums, an event considered the founding of today's Vorderasiatisches Museum.