Friedrich Wolf


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Wolf, Friedrich

 

Born Dec. 23, 1888, in Neuwied; died Oct. 5, 1953, in Lehnitz. German playwright. Became a Communist in 1928. Physician by training.

After 1918, Wolf took part in the revolutionary battles of the German proletariat. His early plays, including It’s You (1919), are written in the spirit of expressionism. In subsequent plays, including Poor Konrad (1924; Russian translation, 1941), Potassium Cyanide (1929), and Sailors From Cattaro (1930; Russian translation, 1932), Wolf moves to a realistic and revolutionary position. After the establishment of the fascist regime in 1933, Wolf emigrated to the USSR, where he wrote antifascist plays, including Professor Mamlock (1934; Russian translation, 1935), Floridsdorf (1935), The Trojan Horse (1937: Russian translation, 1937), and Beaumarchais, or the Birth of Figaro (1941) and the novel Two on the Border (1938; Russian translation, 1939). During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Wolf took part in antifascist propaganda directed at Hitler’s troops. He was awarded the Order of the Red Star. After 1945 he returned to his homeland. Wolf was the ambassador of the German Democratic Republic in Poland. Later Wolf published the plays Mayor Anna (1950) and Thomas Munzer (1953; Russian translation, 1956) and the novel Flying Saucers (1952; Russian translation, 1953). Wolf received the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic (1949, 1950).

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1-16. Berlin, 1960-68.
Briefwechsel: Eine Auswahl. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1963.
Iskusstvo—oruzhie: Stat’i, ocherki, pis’ma. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Shelinger, N. A. F. Vol’f. Moscow, 1966.
Nagovitsyn, V. F. Vol’f [1888-1953]: Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1956.
Pollatschek, W. F. Wolf: Eine Biographie. Berlin, 1963.
Jehser, W. F. Wolf. Leben und Werk. Berlin, 1965.

V. I. STEZHENSKII

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During the same months that saw the preparations for the "Day of the Book," the mass movement against the current abortion laws (sections 218-20) culminated after the imprisonment of Friedrich Wolf and Else Kienle, both of whom were visibly involved in abortion politics as doctors.
12) Otro grupo formado por Alfred Kantorowicz, Hans Marchwitza, Gerhart Eisler, Hermann Duncker y Friedrich Wolf, a pesar de estar en posesion de una visa mexicana, vio obstaculizada por los Estados Unidos la continuacion de su viaje, o bien, como en el caso de Wolf, quien logro entrar en la Union Sovietica.
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One notable exception, however, was Friedrich Wolf who paid tribute to the universalist teaching of Muhammad in his drama Mohammed: Ein Oratorium.
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Stephan investigates the cases of Lion Feuchtwanger, Friedrich Wolf, Klaus and Erika Mann, Erich Maria Remarque, and Bertolt Brecht, none of whom can have suspected the degree to which, as the files show, their activities were taken seriously as a threat to Nazi Germany.
Max Zimmering, Friedrich Wolf, and Bernhard Kellermann all wrote novels in which Allied bombing and its effects are the central theme.
Friedrich Wolf (Greens, Germany) is urging that competition rules "should initially be applied very flexibly" in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
In this connection, given that the edition includes only four letters from 1920, one wonders whether the editors know of Hasenclever's letter to Friedrich Wolf of 18 November 1920 which is held in the East Berlin half of the Akademie der Kunste but not reproduced here?
Becher, Oskar Maria Graf, Anna Seghers, and Friedrich Wolf.
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